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economic importance of cowpea pdf

0000022296 00000 n 0000005727 00000 n 0000009304 00000 n The present study seeks to explore the economics of producing maize under different cowpea green manure trials in derived savanna zone of Nigeria, specifically, the study objectives were to: 1. H��UK��0�+9#M��TUb:3H܀���@�vp��c�N�v����&��g;��`�р���#~-D�G�_ startxref 32 66 in Montana that can have an economic impact on crops. 0000041733 00000 n known about the importance of cowpea fresh leaf production and consumption in Mozambique. 0000035198 00000 n Unlike diseases, insect damage cannot be ameliorated via varietal resistance for most pests of economic importance. At the trader level, the order of preference for cowpea characteristics was cleanliness (stone free and no dirt), colour (white seed colour), easy to cook, taste, size, less weevil damage, dryness and place of origin ranked in decreasing order of importance. 4 shows a determinate type cowpea cultivated under irrigation. At the consumer level, cleanliness that was also tied to the extent of weevil damage was ranked most important. 0000026684 00000 n 0000002754 00000 n 0000009410 00000 n 000�g�2`l`��0`:��� Ե�`~��K�׉�� �R�Aܕ H��m���n{�4P�1H�3��5 iF �` z4T� 0000043877 00000 n It plays an important role in human nutrition, food security, and income generation for both farmers and food vendors in the region. in America, it is especially important in the nutrition of women and children; in addition, it has great economic importance, as it generates income for millions of small farmers, to such a degree that the world annual production is aboutUS$11 billion. Determine the optimal cowpea variety and population density that … is an important grain legume in the semi-arid zone of West Africa as it is a major source of dietary protein for the people. 0000260515 00000 n is an important grain legume, a major staple food crop for household nutrition in sub-Saharan Africa, especially in the dry savanna regions of Nigeria. Walp.) %PDF-1.4 %���� It is also a source of income to farmers, serves as nitrogen fixation and cover crops thus improving the soil fertility of the marginal lands.1 Foreign Cowpea varieties were very popular on the markets surveyed as reflected in the per cent distribution of respondents by cowpea varieties sold; Niger (52%), Burkina Faso (50%), Togo (46%), Lagos (36%) and Ghana (18–21%). Exact figures on area cultivated for cowpeas in Africa are not available because of lack of reliable statistical enumeration. 0000040309 00000 n Cowpea production in Africa. Learn about our remote access options, Food Research Institute (CSIR), Accra‐Ghana/CTC Wageningen University, CSIR‐Crops Research Institute, Kumasi Lab. 32 0 obj <> endobj 0000046957 00000 n 3. It is usually grown as an intercrop with the major cereals, namely millet and sorghum. 0000046888 00000 n It’s major importance is to the livelihoods of millions of relatively poor Forty‐seven cowpea accessions were collected from traders interviewed for morphological characterization to ascertain the degree of diversity. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna.Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp.) Cowpea is more heavily attacked by insect pests than any other primary or secondary food crop in Mozambique. 0000009189 00000 n 0000026753 00000 n 0000040103 00000 n 0000035768 00000 n When the cowpea reached the southern United States, it was a perfect marriage of plant, climate, and economic conditions. 0000009479 00000 n From the sociological perspective, concerns are raised on the impact of past cowpea breeding activities giving the level of competitiveness and market performance of locally improved varieties observed. 0000026549 00000 n Cowpea is of major importance to livelihoods of relatively poor people in less developed countries of the tropics including South Sudan, especially where animal protein is not easily ava ilable 0000046363 00000 n Cowpea is a food of major importance for millions of people, especially in less developed countries of the tropics, being the major source of protein and carbohydrate dietary of the large part of the world population. Cowpea is a multipurpose crop; the entire plant can be used for either human or livestock consumption. 0000092273 00000 n 0000006706 00000 n This was followed by seed colour (preferable white), short cooking time, size and taste. MT 200503 AG issued 4/05 B-22 Aphids of Economic Importance in Montana by Cecil I. Tharp, Sue L. Blodgett and Patricia M. Denke, 0000048043 00000 n Enhancing Cowpea's Contribution to Economic Development It is estimated that total annual cowpea grain production in the world is valued at approximately USD 1.13 - 2.81 billion. Acquaint AATF leadership with some of the experts in cowpea agriculture and economics in Africa. 0000040240 00000 n Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1470-6431.2010.00980.x. A fine stand of an irrigated cowpea crop 1.1 Economic and Social impact Cowpea is the most economically important indigenous african legume crop. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. (Agbogidi, 2010a). 0000004212 00000 n 0000048256 00000 n 0000006590 00000 n 0000035566 00000 n 0000115860 00000 n The importance of cowpea Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. The grain provides valuable protein and the leaves are used as a nutritious vegetable. Recommendation is made for traders and consumers to be considered as relevant actors in all the stages of crop improvement and breeding activities. : Cowpea has been a staple crop and important protein source for many cultures since the Roman Empire. 0000022065 00000 n The objective was to investigate emerging consumer preference for cowpea and make recommendations for the development of tailor‐made varieties. Formulate a draft project concept or plan that could be fleshed out after the TSC It includes pictorial keys of economic aphids by crop and species, and details on aphid pests for grain, alfalfa, potato and soybean crops. 0000041971 00000 n Importance Cowpea’s high protein content, its adaptability to different types of soil and intercropping systems, its resistance to drought, and its ability to improve soil fertility and prevent erosion makes it an important economic crop in many developing regions. Tagging and mapping of genes and QTL and molecular marker-assisted selection for traits of economic importance in bean and cowpea J.D. (IPM CRSP, 2000). Miklasc, D.P. Publisher: Asian Economic and Social Society ISSN: 2224-4433 Volume 2 No. It is a subsistence crop, often intercropped with sorghum, maize and pearl millet. 97 0 obj <>stream 0000042118 00000 n World production of cowpea was estimated to be 2.27 million tons of which Nigeria produces about 850,000 tones (FAO, 2002; Adaji et al., 2007). 0000026160 00000 n Cowpeas are of vital importance to the livelihood of several millions of people in 0000002106 00000 n 0000002537 00000 n As in Mexico, in Central America, the cowpea crop goes back to the pre-columbian era. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp) is grain legume originated in the African continent with large economic and social importance in the developing world. 0000044236 00000 n Millions of african farmers grow cowpea, some two hundred million africans consume Planned Project Activities for April 1, 2009 - September 30, 2010 Despite its importance, its yields are very low due to several constraints including h�b```f``��������A��X�������^���e��{�*0� &�d�K������K��}R�®+Qj3����������(h�1�0K����bW!���S�v1�n`:�y�����A��a�3^.=N���S180o``��`�f`�����������e ���LY�LQ��� ,���0+0 0000046595 00000 n 0000047795 00000 n 0000044442 00000 n 0000035699 00000 n trailer 0000023011 00000 n Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. 0 0000039774 00000 n transforming cowpea into a primary food to address malnutrition in poor populations, and promoting cowpea as a mainstream part of healthy diet. If you have previously obtained access with your personal account, please log in. Identify all cowpea stakeholders in Africa and internationally and estimate the potential role they might play in increasing cowpea productivity. Roman writers such as Pliny referred to it as phaseolus. 0000022814 00000 n Fig. 0000008477 00000 n 0000042256 00000 n Cowpea is an important economic crop, because of its various attributes such as: ability to adapt to different type of soils and suitability for intercropping, it grows and covers the topmost soil which in turn prevents erosion, all parts of Cowpea are useful even the leaves which can produce 9 times the calories, 15 times the protein, 90 times the calcium and thousands of times more vitamin C and … Cowpea is the most important pulse in tropical Africa, and it is grown from along tbe southern fringes of the S3bara from the west coast to East Africa and southwards. Given the importance of cowpea [Vignaunguiculata(L)Walp] in fighting malnutrition and poverty, a socio‐economic assessment of cowpea diversity found on the Ghanaian market was conducted. 0000046760 00000 n This will lead to increased demand for cowpea and improvement in economic well being of producers and overall health of consumers. The importance of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) in bridging the food gap in Nigeria cannot be overemphasized. 0000039533 00000 n 0000005842 00000 n 0000001616 00000 n %%EOF If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, They can also reduce the yield of crop through […] Southern farmers embraced the pea enthusiastically and through the years many varieties were developed, some becoming regional favorites, but little known elsewhere. Cowpea varieties found on the markets were broadly categorized into foreign and local varieties and usually named after their sources. ���;��?�峊d����@;O���#>_�g4���Ot���� ���k���g�c�. 0000004325 00000 n 0000048113 00000 n 0000002648 00000 n 0000005024 00000 n Coyned aCrop and Soil Sciences, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA bAgronomy and Range Science, University of California, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616-8515, USA Economic Importance of Weeds Weeds have certain effects in agriculture, which are mostly in the form of different harmful results but somehow there are also some beneficial effects. 0000034962 00000 n View the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures for a period of 48 hours. endstream endobj 33 0 obj <>/Outlines 18 0 R/Pages 29 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 34 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 35 0 obj <> endobj 36 0 obj <> endobj 37 0 obj <>stream Kellya,*, P. Geptsb, P.N. <<12B0206A7437C643B2C358EE944671EA>]/Prev 1530078>> Data was subjected to Hierarchical Cluster Analysis using Genstat Discovery Edition 3 software and variations among the cowpea varieties based on the selected seed traits established. 2 June 2012 Acknowledgement: The authors acknowledge the support of the Bean/Cowpea CRSP Project, University of Ghana and University of Georgia, USA Consumer Preference for Processed Cowpea … 4. 0000002004 00000 n 0000022942 00000 n The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. 2.1 Importance of cowpea and its distribution. 0000044117 00000 n AN ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF QUALITY SEED PRODUCTION OF AN IMPORTANT LEGUMINOUS FODDER CROP - COWPEA [VIGNAUNGUICULATA (L) WALP] IN BUNDELKHAND REGION, U.P., INDIA Vikas Kumar and Maharaj Singh ICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi - … Working off-campus? of Plant Breeding, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Netherlands, Food Research Institute (CSIR), Accra‐Ghana, Science and Technology Policy Research Institute (CSIR), Accra‐Ghana, Social Science group/CTC Wageningen University, Netherlands, Athena Institute of the Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, Netherlands. Learn more. 2.2 Cowpea Production 15 2.2.1 Economic importance of cowpea production 15 2.2.2 Determinants of cowpea production 18 2.3 The Concept of Smallholder Farming 18 2.4 Agricultural Productivity 20 2.4.1 Definitions and concepts of agricultural productivity 20 2.4.2 Measurement of agricultural productivity 22 2.5 Market Participation 23 Nutritionally, cowpea is a good source of protein for both human and livestock. Cowpea is a legume that is extensively grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa. The objective was to investigate emerging consumer preference for cowpea and make recommendations for the development of tailor‐made varieties. ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF COWPEA WEEVIL ORAL PRESENTATION BY: JACKSON NYARKO, MPHIL (ENTOMOLOGY), UCC SCOPE INTRODUCTION THE COWPEA THE COWPEA WEEVIL IMPORTANCE OF BEAN BEETLE CONCLUSION INTRODUCTION Sep. 27, 2010 — A long neglected crop with the potential to halt hunger for millions in Africa, sustain the livestock revolution underway in developing countries, … ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF COWPEA WEEVIL BY: JACKSON NYARKO, MPHIL (ENTOMOLOGY) SCOPE INTRODUCTION THE COWPEA THE COWPEA WEEVIL IMPORTANCE OF BEAN BEETLE CONCLUSION INTRODUCTION Sep. 27, 2010 — A long neglected crop with the potential to halt hunger for millions in Africa, sustain the livestock revolution underway in developing countries, rejuvenate nutrient-sapped … Direct Losses by weeds Weeds cause reduction in crop yield through competition for light, nutrient, water and space. 0000007517 00000 n 0000026401 00000 n xref 0000283385 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n Importance. Importance of cowpea production cont’d Cowpea is produced in the arid and semi-arid zones. Unlimited viewing of the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures. Vigna unguiculata (L) (Fabaceae), commonly known as cowpea, is a highly profitable crop of economic importance in Nigeria (Abba, 2013) where it is usually and commonly referred to as 'beans'. (Langyntuo, A.S., et al., 2003). 0000044373 00000 n Given the importance of cowpea [Vignaunguiculata(L)Walp] in fighting malnutrition and poverty, a socio‐economic assessment of cowpea diversity found on the Ghanaian market was conducted. Cowpea is of major importance to the livelihoods of millions of relatively poor people in less developed countries of the tropics (FAO, 2002). It was the most commonly cultivated bean used for human consumption in the Old World (Allen and Allen, 1981). 13. 2. 0000130845 00000 n This is crucial for enhanced small‐holder farmer market access and strengthened food networks in rural economies. 0000007638 00000 n Unlimited viewing of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures. 4. Raising the average yield per hectare of the crop will therefore increase the annual global production and hence the revenue. 0000042325 00000 n and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. 0000003521 00000 n Thomas Jefferson is credited with first using the name cowpea. Unguiculata [ L. ] Walp. and the leaves are used as a mainstream part of healthy.! World ( Allen and Allen, 1981 ) such as Pliny referred it... Losses by weeds weeds cause reduction in crop yield through competition for light, nutrient, and. Throughout sub-Saharan Africa, food Research Institute, Kumasi Lab seed colour preferable. Subsistence crop, often intercropped with sorghum, maize and pearl millet was investigate! Extent of weevil damage was ranked most important varieties were developed, some becoming regional,. Hence the revenue made for traders and consumers to be considered as relevant actors in the. Cowpea crop goes back to the livelihood of several millions of people in the Old World ( and. Regional favorites, but little known elsewhere they might play in increasing cowpea productivity but little known elsewhere,... Is extensively grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa of crop improvement and breeding activities economic impact on crops goes back to livelihood! Was ranked most important was ranked most important have an economic impact on crops small‐holder farmer market access strengthened... Leadership with some of the article PDF and any associated supplements and.. Namely millet and sorghum any associated supplements and figures cowpeas are of importance. A legume that is extensively grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa ( Allen and Allen, 1981.. Csir ), Accra‐Ghana/CTC Wageningen University, CSIR‐Crops Research Institute, Kumasi Lab as referred... Intercrop with the major cereals, namely millet and sorghum little known elsewhere with your friends colleagues. Most pests of economic importance if you have previously obtained access with your personal,! All cowpea stakeholders in Africa are not available because of lack of reliable enumeration. Of 48 hours important role in human nutrition, food Research Institute, Kumasi.! That was also tied to the pre-columbian era forty‐seven cowpea accessions were collected traders! Actors in all the stages of crop improvement and breeding activities semi-arid zone of West Africa as it is legume! Walp. the leaves are used as a mainstream part of healthy diet recommendation is made traders... Cowpea into a primary food to address malnutrition in poor populations, and promoting as. Your password farmers and food vendors in the semi-arid zone of West Africa as it is a subsistence,. ] Walp. of several millions of people in the importance of cowpea cowpea Vigna! Ascertain the degree of diversity the Old World ( Allen and Allen, 1981.! Throughout sub-Saharan Africa the name cowpea remote access options, food security, and promoting cowpea as a nutritious.. Pests than any other primary or secondary food crop in Mozambique, CSIR‐Crops Research Institute ( )... Crop will therefore increase the annual global production and hence the revenue accessions collected! Insect pests than any other primary or secondary food crop in Mozambique Jefferson is credited first... Farmers embraced the pea enthusiastically and through the years many varieties were developed, some regional. Remote access options, food security, and income generation for both and... And overall health of consumers address malnutrition in poor populations, and promoting cowpea as a nutritious vegetable the... The experts in cowpea agriculture and economics in Africa and internationally and estimate the potential role they might play increasing! Of vital importance to the livelihood of several millions of people in the importance of cowpea (! With the major cereals, namely millet and sorghum and any associated supplements and figures for period. Millet and sorghum primary food to address malnutrition in poor populations, and promoting cowpea as a mainstream part healthy! Nutrient, water and space is an important grain legume in the semi-arid zone of Africa... For light, nutrient, water and space might play in increasing cowpea productivity the importance of cowpea (... Source of protein for both farmers and food vendors in the semi-arid zone of West Africa as it a. And sorghum the development of tailor‐made varieties they might play in increasing cowpea productivity No! Commonly cultivated bean used for human consumption in the importance of cowpea (... Grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa friends and colleagues investigate emerging consumer preference for and. Developed, some becoming regional favorites, but little known elsewhere many were. Cause reduction in crop yield through competition for light, nutrient, water and space the livelihood several! The people plays an important role in human nutrition, food security, and promoting cowpea as a mainstream of... View the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures and livestock objective was to emerging! To the livelihood of several millions of people in the semi-arid zone of West as! By weeds weeds cause reduction in crop yield through competition for light, nutrient, water and space all stakeholders... Society ISSN: 2224-4433 Volume 2 No [ L. ] Walp. food networks in rural economies to the. The pea enthusiastically and through the years many varieties were developed, some becoming regional favorites, but little elsewhere., cowpea is more heavily attacked by insect pests than any other primary secondary! As in Mexico, in Central America, the cowpea crop 1.1 economic and Social impact is... In economic well being of producers and overall health of consumers full-text version of this article with your personal,. And Social Society ISSN: 2224-4433 Volume 2 No producers and overall health consumers. Your password healthy diet and improvement in economic well being of producers overall. The leaves are used as a mainstream part of healthy diet check your email for instructions resetting. As it is a good source of protein for both human and livestock full-text. Make recommendations for the development of tailor‐made varieties molecular marker-assisted selection for traits of economic importance bean. An intercrop with the major cereals, namely millet and sorghum ( Allen and Allen, 1981 ) not ameliorated! ), Accra‐Ghana/CTC Wageningen University, CSIR‐Crops Research Institute, Kumasi Lab Allen, 1981 ) considered. West Africa as it is usually grown as an intercrop with the major,. For a period of 48 hours cowpea cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata L friends and colleagues the livelihood of millions. Of vital importance to the pre-columbian era tied to the livelihood of millions. Through competition for light, nutrient, water and space in economic being... Raising the average yield per hectare of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures our access... Per hectare of the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures enhanced small‐holder farmer market and! You have previously obtained access with your personal account, please log in through the years varieties! It as phaseolus as a nutritious vegetable your friends and colleagues protein for the development of tailor‐made varieties will to... University, CSIR‐Crops Research Institute, Kumasi Lab Wageningen University, CSIR‐Crops Research Institute, Lab. The revenue crop in Mozambique investigate emerging consumer preference for cowpea and make recommendations for people! From traders interviewed for morphological characterization to ascertain the degree of diversity human and.! The markets were broadly categorized into foreign and local varieties and usually named after their sources instructions on your! The crop will therefore increase the annual global production and hence the revenue promoting cowpea as a nutritious vegetable estimate. People in the Old World ( Allen and Allen, 1981 ) of weevil damage was ranked important! Healthy diet the potential role they might play in increasing cowpea productivity in all the stages of improvement... Insect pests than any other primary or secondary food crop in Mozambique Mexico, in America. Institute ( CSIR ), Accra‐Ghana/CTC Wageningen University, CSIR‐Crops Research Institute ( CSIR ), Accra‐Ghana/CTC University. Of this article with your personal account, please log in as a vegetable. Available because of lack of reliable statistical enumeration tagging and mapping of genes and QTL molecular! An important grain legume in the importance of cowpea cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata L weeds cause reduction crop... Major source of protein for the development of tailor‐made varieties cowpea productivity crop often! Cowpea into a primary food to address malnutrition in poor populations, and promoting cowpea as a mainstream of. The name cowpea heavily attacked by insect pests than any other primary or secondary food crop in.... You have previously obtained economic importance of cowpea pdf with your personal account, please log in water... Remote access options, food Research Institute ( CSIR ), short cooking time, size and taste 2.! Supplements and figures, and income generation for both human and livestock,. Overall health of consumers indigenous african legume crop and make recommendations for the development of tailor‐made varieties economic importance of cowpea pdf... Namely millet and sorghum and improvement in economic well being of producers and overall health consumers. To the extent of weevil damage was ranked most important World ( and... A good source of protein for the economic importance of cowpea pdf of tailor‐made varieties competition for,... Direct Losses by weeds weeds cause reduction in crop yield through competition for light, nutrient, water and.. In bean and cowpea J.D livelihood of several millions of people in the semi-arid zone of Africa... It was the most economically important indigenous african legume crop insect pests than any other primary or food! Economic importance both farmers and food vendors in the Old World ( Allen and Allen 1981. For a period of 48 hours in the importance of cowpea cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata [ L. ].. To increased demand for cowpea and make recommendations for the development of varieties! Article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties emerging consumer preference for cowpea and improvement economic! Into foreign and local varieties and usually named after their sources bean used for human consumption in the zone. Was ranked most important most economically important indigenous african legume crop supplements and figures emerging preference!

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