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Then let us hold it up against the Gospel of Jesus Christ and commit to walking that path. Put indigenous connection to the land we live on at the forefront. About Overview. In the 19th century SCOTUS ruled that land titles were based on the Doctrine of Discovery and that the US Constitution was not meant to protect African Americans. We are organizing our 2020 annual gathering around an online conference sponsored by the Indigenous Values Initiative and American Indian Law Alliance. I do think that strengthening peoples’ connection to the land is a good step no matter what the economic future holds! These days, most people agree that not everyone benefited from the process of U.S. colonization. Sometimes the change took the form of mass deforestation for timber and agriculture. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. If you have any questions, comments, or … Develop a personal critical consciousness on the issues which are pervaded by the institutionalization of the Doctrine of Discovery from the local-regional, continental-global context. ... but 2020 lost its balance. But we can also offer our expertise at a smaller scale. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999). As our Poet Laureate Joy Harjo has said of her fellow Native Americans, “America does not have a story without us, yet we are often denied a place in the larger narrative. While most situate its relevance in the historical … Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Posts tagged Doctrine of Discovery Trump and Biden are Peddling Nostalgia, and that's a Problem. Plymouth 400th Remembrance in 2020. And ‘Discovery’ shaped the land. Zoé Edgecomb, ASLA, is a landscape architect and visual artist practicing in Charlottesville, VA. She is currently working on a project called “UnNatural Law” exploring beliefs and ideas about land in the context of colonization. And those progeny were among our first clients. All Rights Reserved Tommy Orange takes us off the reservation and into urban Oakland in his novel There There. 6/25 7 pm EST "Dismantling the Doctrine of Discovery: Decolonization & … Let us consider how the Doctrine of Discovery has formed our thoughts and understandings. This might seem like something we’re already doing, but if you approach our works and our texts from different perspectives, you realize we have a long way to go. Thanks for your comments. The “Doctrine of Discovery,” better described as the “Doctrine of Christian Discovery and World Domination,” established the worldview that not only brought devastation to the natural world, but also impaired the ability for human beings to live in proper relationship with the Earth. With the help of the series of bulls and court decisions making up the Doctrine of Discovery, the idea that Christian conquerors had a right to occupy and own Indigenous lands became embedded in the national consciousness. The Doctrine of Discovery (i.e., making known) would allow for European Monarchs, with authorization from the Christian Church – Example of a Papal Bull (Indigenous Values Initiative, 2020). She created a list of suggestions for working with Native communities, the most important of which involve showing up and talking with people face-to-face. Wow! Obey us. Dismantling the Doctrine of Discovery Coalition Autumn 2020 Newsletter DDOD Coalition hires first staff member, Katerina Friesen Reports and Video from the Mother Earth's Pandemic conference Announcing our New Indigenous Repair Partner - Makoce Ikikcupi Annual report for 2020 Announcing Dismantling the Doctrine of Discovery Campaign for Oak Flats Reparative Justice … In these countries, Christian Europeans assumed that they held sovereign, property, and commercial rights over the indigenous peoples under the ‘legal authority’ of the Doctrine. The discovery doctrine, also called doctrine of discovery, provided a philosophical framework for Christian explorers, to lay claim to territories uninhabited by Christians.Under this belief, title to lands lay with the government whose subjects travelled to and occupied a territory whose inhabitants were not subjects of a European Christian monarch. Change ). I would refer to ours as Truth and Conciliation. The “Doctrine of Discovery” is a philosophical and legal framework dating to the 15th century that gave Christian governments moral and legal rights to invade and seize Indigenous lands and dominate Indigenous Peoples. The Doctrine of Discovery It is our intention that this study guide will be used with the presentations from “Mother Earth’s Pandemic” to direct discussions about the Doctrine of Christian Discovery and Domination in your religious or community groups. Wealth, embodied in land and other assets, became concentrated among white settlers and their progeny. While the doctrine of discovery is closely related to the concept of terra nullius (land belonging to no one), it is a conceptual tool that has been used even for lands that clearly did belong to others, as discussed below. The bull itself resides in the National Archives at Lisbon.] As a Native American Registered Landscape Architect we wrestle with development on the land and hopefully strive to embrace what the eye cannot see. It allowed massive transfer of land from communal ownership by Indian nations to individual ownership by white colonizers. The ELCA has repudiated the Doctrine of Discovery, but this is only a start. The patterns of oppression that continue to dispossess Indigenous Peoples of… In 2020 SCOTUS ruled that any time the US Congress can “muster the will” they can disestablish reservation lands and break treaties with Native nations. While English common lands were quickly being enclosed and privatized, the “new” continent became a proving ground in a massive experiment in individual ownership of land. Ironically, the case didn't even directly involve any Native Americans. Robert Miller and Steven Newcomb—Native America, Discovered and Conquered: Thomas Jefferson, Lewis and Clark, and Manifest Destiny and Pagans in the Promised Land: Decoding the Doctrine of Discovery, respectively—have written books about the doctrine from a law perspective, and it figures prominently in Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz’s An Indigenous Peoples’ History of the United States. list of suggestions for working with Native communities, From Slums to Sky Gardens – Singapore’s Public Housing Success, Performance-Based Plant Selection for Bioretention, Required Reading for Landscape Architects, Skills for Success in Landscape Architecture, Historic American Landscapes Survey (HALS). The discovery doctrine or doctrine of discovery is a legal term. Landscape architects involved in historic preservation are often well-versed in permitting processes and the bureaucracy of building on historic sites. Native Americans are real, living people, closer by than you might think, and not always on the ‘res.’ For a wide-ranging meditation on landscape architecture’s relationship with indigeneity, read Rod Barnett’s article “Designing Indian Country.”. As recently as 2005, the US Supreme Court referenced the Doctrine of Discovery in a case regarding indigenous rights and land titles. The first set of documents that would compose the Doctrine of Discovery. If I am reading correctly, my understanding is that you’re, in the way that you are able, ultimately trying to make right the wrongs done by early European settlers in what we call America. But for the most part, students don’t learn about the mechanics of land theft—whether at the grade school level or in most landscape architecture programs. The kings and queens of England borrowed the Popes’ religious language to grant tracts of land they had never visited. Landscape architects can start by informing ourselves. We’re part of nature, not separate from it. Dates: Thursday August 6, 13, and 20, 2020. If you’re into podcasts, Rebecca Nagle’s “This Land” is a must-listen. ( Log Out /  The Doctrine of Discovery refers to a system of beliefs and 15th century Papal Bulls that gave permission for Christian colonizers to ‘i nvade, capture, subdue, and vanquish all pagans and Saracens’, who were seen as enemies of Christ. Do you think that if we redefine market capitalism it can coexist with the reality that humans are connected with the land and vice-versa? A realization or ah ha moment in my formative years of learning the discipline of what is a landscape architect, I came to realize that they are trying to teach me to be “native” or an indian. The colonialist Doctrine of Discovery is at the root of unequal distribution in the United States, and for that reason it’s essential that we know about it. But unless you’re Native American, it’s likely you’ve never heard of “Discovery.” ASLA’s position on environmental justice calls on us to address unequal distribution of resources related to land, including clean air, water, and food. The Doctrine of Discovery allowed Europeans to decide the fate of most of the land. What firm do you work with? As recently as 2005, the US Supreme Court referenced the Doctrine of Discovery in a case regarding indigenous rights and land titles. Here in Central Virginia, the Monacan Nation is fighting a project to build a pumping station on the site of their historic capital, Rassawek. Start by reading some of the literature by Native authors. Every month during 2020, we will offer reflections on our church’s history and current reality in relationship to Indigenous communities, inviting our churches to consider the current impact of our historical actions. Portugal was encouraged to “invade, capture, vanquish, and subdue all Saracens, pagans, and other enemies of Christ, to put them into perpetual slavery, and to take away all their possessions and property.” [An English translation of this text can be found online. Lands already inhabited cannot be discovered. The American Society of Landscape Architects The Doctrine of Discovery is the basis for all Indian land law in this country, and it has imposed similar burdens on indigenous peoples all over the world. Decolonizing Museums: Representing Native America in National and Tribal Museums. Plymouth 400th Remembrance at GA 2020. Programming from GA 2020, designed in partnership with Indigenous leaders in the Northeast and beyond to explore how to co-exist in right relationship ... Doctrine of Discovery and Rights of Indigenous Peoples. It just doesn’t fit well in the narrative of rugged individuals conquering an empty wilderness as the Indians ‘died out.’. When you visit the website of the Kluge-Ruhe Aboriginal Art Collection, the intro page thanks the Monacan People on whose traditional land the museum is located. October 20, 2020 | 20.00 ET The Doctrine of Discovery has been at the root of land dispossession across Turtle Island. Event Details. Great article–very thought-provoking. Follow The Field to receive notifications of new posts. You’re exactly right that these basic historical facts are rarely discussed, especially not in fields of study involving land ownership in North America. Thank you! Title: Mother Earth’s Pandemic: The Doctrine of Discovery. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. ( Log Out /  At 2020 Fall Interim Session NYM learned about the Doctrine of Discovery (DoD) and approved this minute: The Autumn 2020 Interim Session of NYM renounces the Doctrine of Discovery. The Doctrine of Discovery is a set of policies, practices, principles and US law which European-descendant and Christian-majority nations have used as “justification” for stealing land from people and communities in the Americas, Africa, Asia, and Australasia. This short film is part of 8 short, testimonial films, on the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois.) Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. If you’re a plants person, Robin Wall Kimmerer, a botanist and member of the Citizen Potawatomi Nation, beautifully melds indigenous and European concepts of science in her collection of essays called Braiding Sweetgrass. Dismantling the Doctrine of Discovery Annual Gathering and Conference. ‘Discovery’ buttressed the idea that land is a resource to be used, an investment. Certainly, we can sign petitions to make sure sacred spaces such as Bears Ears National Monument are not sacrificed to corporate greed. How do we do that you ask. This same theology formed an international legal structure that continues to dispossess Indigenous Peoples of their land. NLG Webinar: "Dismantling the Doctrine of Discovery: Decolonization & Indigenous Self-Determination" PRC/EHRC Webinar Series via Zoom: Thurs. On June 18, 1452, Pope Nicholas V issued the papal bull, Dum Diversas. The printed Latin text can be accessed here. As we work toward environmental justice, we can learn from Native landscape architects and students, as the colonists would have been wise to learn from the people they called savages. They imagined themselves as bringing salvation to native souls and making a barren wilderness fruitful. In 2020 SCOTUS ruled that any time the US Congress can “muster the will” they can disestablish reservation lands and break treaties with Native nations. This was the force that launched Columbus and the Conquistadors. This book shines new light on the mostly ignored historical and legal evidence of the use of the Doctrine of Discovery in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States. Tweaking our attitudes a little bit might even make the profession more attractive to the people whose land this has been for millennia. The fact that the United States has monuments, history books and proclamations referring to Christopher Columbus as the ‘discoverer of America’ reveals the implicit racial bias; that Native people specifically and people of color in general, are not fully human. I don’t have Native heritage, but the more I learn, the more I realize how strong a precedent Native American, as well as many other Indigenous peoples’ thoughts about land are for my own. Washington, DC 20001-3736, Phone: 202-898-2444 Discovery was used as legal and moral justification for colonial dispossession of sovereign Indigenous Nations, including First Nations in what is now Canada. This chapter discusses Indigenous conceptualizations of land, legal orders, and governmental authorities, and the problems of re-constructing history when not including indigenous peoples in the dialogue. The world is ours. Remember that most of our neighborhoods and even our parks were conceived as segregated spaces until fairly recently. Great piece. The colonialist Doctrine of Discovery is at the root of unequal distribution in the United States, and for that reason it’s essential that we know about it. Whatever form your practice takes, it ultimately involves land. dodmenno.org, Dismantling the Doctrine of Discovery What is the Doctrine of Discovery? Without our voices, there is no real America possible” (“Erasure,” by Joy Harjo). Preliminary Study Shows ‘Doctrine of Discovery’ Legal Construct Historical Root for Ongoing Violations of Indigenous Peoples’ Rights, Permanent Forum Told ... 25 November 2020. The legacy of the discovery precedent continues today, as corporations, government entities, and private citizens insist that Native Americans rights must give way to the “greater good” of pipelines, mining, and ranching. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Their story is the one most of us learned and accepted. ( Log Out /  Support efforts in your area. As a result the lands and possessions of indigenous peoples were seized and slavery was authorized in perpetuity. The Doctrine of Discovery educational resource, is lovingly maintained by Indigenous Values Initiative and the American Indian Law Alliance.It is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.. We can do our best to ensure that Indigenous people still have access to important places and cultural resources, such as plants critical to material production and traditional diet, and habitat essential to animals who are considered part of the community. 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