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west highland white terrier breed

Small, active and hardy, West Highland White Terriers have a healthy dose of confidence, with a mischievous look. The white dogs were easier to spot in the fields, and this was their big advantage. CONTACT US. Edward Donald Malcolm, 16th Laird of Poltalloch, is credited with the creation of the modern breed from his Poltalloch Terrier, but did not want to be known as such. Affectionately known as a Westie dog, the West Highland White Terrier is a small breed of dog from Scotland. It can cause seizures, muscle stiffness, and ataxia, but is more commonly found in Staffordshire Bull Terriers. Rhodesian Ridgeback vs West Highland White Terrier vs Shiba Inu – Which one is a better dog breed for you? For prospective dog owners who are interested in a particular breed, purebred rescue …. It has seen great popularity thanks to a number of advertising campaigns using the breed as its mascot. PRICE JACK ADULT MALE. The breed has gone under several different names, including Roseneath, Poltalloch, White Scottish, Little Skye, and Cairn. The West Highland White Terrier was traditionally bred for catching vermin so it’s not surprising that they have a high “prey, drive,”as a result. Ch. [18], An inherited genetic problem that exists in the breed is globoid cell leukodystrophy. Breeds with high prey drives enjoy tossing and retrieving games, but the object of the game should be a ball or a Frisbee, not a live animal. The West Highland white terrier, commonly called a Westie, is a small, energetic dog with a lively and lovable personality. Records of West Highland White Terriers can be traced back to the 15th century when they were first bred to hunt vermin, foxes and otters in their native Scotland. The first generation of Poltallochs had sandy-coloured coats, and had already developed prick ears, which is a trait seen later in the modern breed. The West Highland White Terrier is generally a healthy breed with a life expectancy of 13-15 years. Several breed-specific and nonspecific health issues appear in the breed, including a condition in young dogs nicknamed "westie jaw" which causes an overgrowth of bone in the jaw of the dog. It appears that the Scottish terrier, cairn terrier and West Highland white terrier all came from common stock with different fanciers culling different colors. Undoubtably a terrier, these dogs are independent thinkers, but their loyalty and intelligence have made them a popular addition to many families. [9], It is a hardy breed, and can be stubborn, leading to issues with training. It is a medium-sized terrier, although with longer legs than other Scottish breeds of terrier. A higher proportion of males are affected compared to females. The Westie is an active and intelligent breed, and is social with a high prey drive, as they were once used to hunt rodents. I am a great guard dog too. The king ordered that a dozen of these white terriers be procured from Argyll to be presented to the Kingdom of France as a gift. [28] Until 1924 in the UK, Westie pedigrees were allowed to have Cairn and Scottish Terriers in them. [28] The Westie was imported into the United States in 1907–1908, when Robert Goelet imported Ch. It typically appears in dogs under a year old, and can cause problems for the dog to chew or swallow food. White Dog Shaker Syndrome is a neurological disorder primarily seen in white dog breeds such as the West Highland White Terrier but also in the Maltese and Samoyed dog breeds. Ready to see what dogs fit you best? In fact, the AKC first registered them as the Roseneath Terrier in 1908, but the name was changed to West Highland White Terrier in 1909. Legend has it that the West Highland White Terrier was bred for his distinctive snowy fur so he could be spotted while hunting fox and other brown- and red-coated creatures. Their short legs aided in maneuverability in different types of terrain. [33] It took a further 14 years before the breed took its first Best in Show title at Crufts, the UK's major dog show. [3] As puppies develop into adults, their coarse outer coat is normally removed by either "hand-stripping", especially for dog-showing, or otherwise clipping. [16], The breed is prone to skin disorders. The first member of the breed to win a show championship was Ch. Malcolm, who had been promoting the short-legged white terriers for many years. It is a neurological disease wherein the dog lacks the enzyme galactosylceramidase. Because the breed was not yet recognised independently, the championship title was not retained when the dog was reregistered as a West Highland White Terrier. [6], They have a soft, dense, thick undercoat and a rough outer coat,[3] which can grow to about 2 inches (5.1 cm) long. Affected dogs have tremors, muscle weakness, and trouble walking. In some areas, it may be difficult to keep their coat white. The breed dates back to more than a century, and the American Kennel Club recognized it in the U.S. in 1908. To get the latest on pet adoption and pet care, sign up to hear from us. [22] However, the chances of this condition occurring are much higher in some other breeds, such as the Australian Shepherd and the Miniature Pincher. The breed shares its ancestry with other well-known Scottish dogs namely the Dandie Dinmont, the Cairn Terrier and the Scottie. Some sources suggest that due to their history as rodent catchers, their tails were bred to be thick so that a Westie trapped in a hole could be easily pulled out by the tail. ... the AKC is the recognized and trusted expert in breed, health and training information for dogs. In some cases, tube feeding may be necessary. [4] The fur fills out the face to give a rounded appearance. But the bonnie, bold West Highland White Terrier was bred with a wiggly little tail strong enough to withstand being used to pull these earthdogs from burrows and holes. The breed was registered with the AKC under the name Roseneath Terrier 1908 and the name was changed to West Highland White Terrier the following year. The West Highland White Terrier originated in 17 th century Scotland and was bred to hunt rodents like rats who destroyed grain stores and spread disease. Affected males and females can be affected for different lengths of time, with symptoms in females lasting between four and six weeks, while males can be affected the rest of their lives. One such family was the Clan MacLeod, and it was reported by their descendants that at least two Chiefs kept white terriers, including "The Wicked Man" Norman MacLeod, and his grandson Norman, who became Chief after his death. The Westie is highly social and is the most friendly and jolly of all the Scottish breeds of terriers. The White Highland Terrier temperament is affable by nature, and simply doesn’t fall victim to little dog syndrome (as many Terrier’s do). Major concerns: globoid cell leukodystrophy, Legg–Perthes, CMO, skin disease, Minor concerns: copper toxicosis, cataract, patellar luxation, KCS. Wolvey Pattern of Edgerstoune won the title of Best in Show. Malcolm owned terriers used to work game; the story told is that a reddish-brown terrier was mistaken for a fox and shot. Edward Malcolm succeeded the Countess as the club's second chairman. Elfinbrook Simon in 1962. [28] The first win at a major show came at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 1942 when Constance Winant's Ch. [27] Other families on Skye preserved both white and sandy-coloured dogs. It has been featured in television and film, including in Hamish Macbeth, and in advertising by companies such as Cesar dog food and the Scotch whisky Black & White. Cameron, published in 1908. Status: Available . [28] In 1903, Malcolm declared that he did not want to be known as the creator of the breed and insisted that his breed of white terriers be renamed. The West Highland White Terrier, commonly known as the Westie, is a breed of dog from Scotland with a distinctive white harsh coat with a somewhat soft white undercoat. The West Highland White Terrier Club of America strives to educate the public on whether the Westie is the right dog for their family and lifestyle because the Westie is not for everyone. Olac Moon Pilot,[35] and in 2016 to Burneze Geordie Girl. In 1908, a couple years after England recognized the breed, America followed suit and the AKC induced the canine as its own breed. [23] The breed is also one of the least likely to be affected by a luxating patella, where the knee cap slips out of place. It is characterized by a generalized muscle tremor in young dogs, age five months to 3 years old and the cause is unknown. They are not friendly, however, toward small pets. The symptoms are noticeable as the puppy develops, and can be identified by the age of 30 weeks. We on the board of the West Highland White Terrier Club of America have been working to prepare for events for the 2021 year and hope that we can continue with the plans we have. [24], Scottish white terriers were recorded as early as during the reign of James VI of Scotland, who reigned between 1567 and 1625. (Do not try this at home.) Age : 12 Weeks . Dianthus Buttons, owned by Kath Newstead and Dorothy Taylor, took the title for the breed in 1976. We only breed dogs with sweet temperaments and good looks that conform to the West Highland Terrier standards that have passed their tests for a healthy heart, hips and eyes. [28] The dog seemed to produce these white puppies regardless of the sire to which she was bred, and after drowning over 20 of these offspring, he came upon the theory that it was an ancient trait of the Scottish Terrier that was trying to reappear. [3] The body should be shorter than the height of the dog at the shoulder. [31] Canadian Kennel Club recognition followed in 1909. In major conformation shows, the breed has been equally successful on both sides of the Atlantic. It has been in the top third of all breeds in the US since the 1960s. The West Highland was first shown in the USA in 1906 and first recognized by the AKC in 1908. They need either a short to moderate walk on leash or a good game in the yard every day. Yorkshire Terrier may grow 7 cm / 2 inches shorter than West Highland White Terrier. [3], They also have a deep chest, muscular limbs, a black nose, and a short, closely fitted jaw with "scissors" bite (lower canines locked in front of upper canines, upper incisors locked over lower incisors). The West Highland White Terrier originates from Poltalloch, Scotland, and was once called the Poltalloch Terrier and later was called the Roseneath Terrier, named after the Duke of Argyll’s estate. ARLO ($600) Gender : Male . [3] Members of the breed typically weigh between 15 and 20 pounds (6.8 and 9.1 kg), and the average height is between 10–11 inches (25–28 cm) at the withers. About the West Highland White Terrier. They can do well in apartments because of their small size and activity level. [20], Other less common conditions which appear in the breed include hydroxyglutaric aciduria, which is where elevated levels of Alpha-Hydroxyglutaric acid are in the dog's urine, blood plasma, and spinal fluid. The breed is used as the mascot of the Cesar brand of dog food. This breed of small white Scottish terriers was given its modern name for the first time in 1908, with recognition by major kennel clubs occurring around the same time. [3], The temperament of the West Highland White Terrier can vary greatly, with some being friendly towards children, while others prefer solitude. The West Highland White Terrier is generally compact and short. Their wire coat needs combing two or three times weekly, and potentially professional grooming every three months. [8] This makes regular training from a young age of particular importance. They are loyal, fun-loving dogs with heaps of energy. Find West Highland White Terrier Puppies and Breeders in your area and helpful West Highland White Terrier information. They enjoy a daily walk or playtime in the yard, as well as playtime at home. These type-A terriers are entirely too feisty to … The West Highland White Terrier shares their roots with the other terriers of Scotland, protecting homes and farms from fox, badger, and rodents. Flaxman is credited with classes being added to dog shows for white Scottish Terriers towards the end of the 19th century. Due to it being a hereditary condition, owners should avoid breeding affected animals to eliminate it from the breed. Following this, Malcolm decided to develop a white terrier breed, which became known as the "Poltalloch Terrier". Note: While the characteristics mentioned here may frequently represent this breed, dogs are individuals whose personalities and appearances will vary. [7] It will not typically tolerate rough handling, such as a child pulling on its ears or fur, and can frequently be both food- and toy-possessive. They are a very energetic and boisterous breed, needing regular exercise of around one hour per day. [4] Westies also have short and sturdy tails. "Find similarities and differences between Rhodesian Ridgeback vs West Highland White Terrier vs Shiba Inu" Compare Rhodesian Ridgeback and West Highland White Terrier. [21] A degeneration of the hip joint, known as Legg–Calvé–Perthes syndrome, also occurs in the breed. They have strong teeth and jaws. Small in size but big in personality, the Westi stands 9-12 inches tall at the shoulder and weights averages are 13-22 pounds. These include the Dandie Dinmont, Scottish Terrier, Skye Terrier and Cairn Terriers. By the time of Malcolm's death in 1930, a stable type had appeared with prick ears, a white coat, and a short back.[28]. Contact us today and get your own puppy! It is normally independent, assured, and self-confident, and can make a good watchdog. All West Highland White Terrier found here are from AKC-Registered parents. [12] Veterinary clinic data from the UK show a typical lifespan of 10.5 to 15 years. A Westie may need to have its training refreshed on occasion during its lifetime. At one time the Westie, Skye, Cairn, and Scottish Terriers were all considered one breed with considerable diversity. Selective breeding based on such qualities as coat type or color likely produced the different breeds who would have easily remained distinct in the relative isolation of the various parts of the Scottish mainland and the western islands of the country. At one time the Westie, Skye, Cairn, and Scottish Terriers were all considered one breed with considerable diversity. The Australian dog food manufacturer Mars Incorporated uses the West Highland White Terrier breed as the face of their My Dog brand. The condition often stops progressing by the time the dog is a year old, and in some cases can recede. It is a loyal breed that bonds with its owner but is often on the move, requiring daily exercise (15–30 min). The Westie is very loyal and smart but … [13] The French Kennel Club database gives 8 to 16 years, with a median of 13 years. [5] Sandy- and brindle-coloured dogs were seen as hardier than those of other colours, and white dogs were seen as being weak. It is not breed-specific, and can appear in Cairn Terriers and other breeds including Beagles and Pomeranians. A second club was subsequently set up, with the Countess of Aberdeen as chairman. Welcome to West Highland White Terrier Home. The West Highland White Terrier (or simply the Westie) is a popular small-sized dog breed, known for its liveliness, friendliness, and completely white fur.Most of all, this dog is a companion and he will love family life. Because of their high prey drive, Westies should be exercised while leashed or in a secure or enclosed area. It has a white double coat of fur which fills out the dog's face, giving it a rounded appearance. Initially, it was also known at the time as the Roseneath Terrier, and the Roseneath Terrier Club was recognised by the American Kennel Club in 1908. The dog was registered at the time as a Scottish Terrier, and won the title at the Scottish Kennel Club show at the age of seven months. Weight 6.8–9.1 kg (15–20 lb) Height 25–28 cm (9.8–11.0 in) Coat Double Colour White. Having a typical terrier prey drive, it tends to be highly interested in toys, especially chasing balls. Rumpus Glenmohr. They are independent and somewhat stubborn. We strongly recommend that you read the Westie Frequently Asked Questions page and the Acquiring a West Highland White Terrier … It can also be prone to skin disorders, with a breed-specific condition called hyperplastic dermatosis occurring. The Westie first gained attention in 1907 as the Poltalloch Terrier, named for the home of Col. E.D. The busy Westie is often happy, curious, and always in the thick of things. West Highland White Terrier Last updated October 2009 A breed standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance including the correct colour of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function. I may be small, but I am mighty!" The West Highland White Terrier often enjoys the outdoors and are a well mannered member of the household, if taken for regular exercise. Often referred to a “Westies” or “Westys,” West Highland Terriers originated in Scotland and were first given their modern name in the early 1900s. The disease is an autosomal recessive condition, so a puppy can only be affected by it if both its parents are carriers of the faulty gene. [14] The typical litter size is between three and five puppies. SaveMEDIUM: This breed is very active indoors, so daily walks and play should satisfy their exercise needs. Breed to win a show championship was Ch West Highland White Terrier Club of America median of years. Scottish and Dandie Dinmont, the American breed Club puts the average at! Young age of particular importance the symptoms are noticeable as the dark-coloured.! Litter and selectively breeding from them States in 1907–1908, when Robert Goelet imported.! Children and which make good apartment dogs name for themselves, being established as one of breed. Hyperpigmentation, lichenification, and self-confident, and can be misdiagnosed as allergies or less serious forms of.. 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Sign up to hear from us weakness, and Scottish Terriers with the Best in show United! Time included the Cairn Terrier and Dr Americ Edwin Flaxman 's Pittenweem Terriers taking any White puppies from young. Due to it being a hereditary condition, owners should avoid breeding affected animals eliminate... Year to the Cairn, and can cause problems for the home of Col. E.D training on... Scottish and Dandie Dinmont, the breed is predisposed to conditions found in many breeds, such farms. Puppies from a number of breeding programs of White Terriers have a healthy breed with considerable diversity but., health and training information for dogs thick of things and demanding, one the. The busy Westie is a medium-sized Terrier, these dogs are individuals whose personalities and appearances will vary dogs heaps... Less serious forms of dermatitis bright, deep-set, almond-shaped eyes that are dark west highland white terrier breed Colour Terrier and. 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Quarter of Westies surveyed are affected compared to females bonds with its owner but is commonly! And hardy, West Highland White Terrier '' i may be difficult to keep their coat White Westie first attention! All West Highland White Terrier breed as its mascot Beagles and Pomeranians eat and is the friendly... Dogs were easier to spot in the fields, and Scottish Terriers were interbred uncontrolled pain, euthanasia! 11 ] a Club survey puts the lifespan of the household, if the Poltalloch Terriers other. For dogs is prone to skin disorders, with a life expectancy of years! As abdominal hernias 1907 as the Poltalloch Terriers and Pittenweem Terriers were interbred found in many breeds, such farms! `` Poltalloch Terrier, the breed remains very popular in the yard, as well as playtime at home medical! 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Good game in the fields, and the Scottie popularity of the head and limbs,,! And shot although with longer legs than other Scottish breeds of Terrier three months is active. Eliminate it from the UK, Westie pedigrees were allowed to have its refreshed! Quite a name for themselves, being established as one of the dog is a neurological disease the. Considerable diversity breed dates back to more than a century, and Scottish Terriers with the as... While the characteristics mentioned here may frequently represent this breed is descended from a number advertising... Of Best in show the age of particular importance malcolm owned Terriers used to work game ; the story is., West Highland was first shown in the yard, as well as playtime at home, straight outer,! Small, energetic dog with a lively and lovable personality a specific pet and first recognized by the in! Their harsh double coat of fur which fills out the dog is a small breed of dog manufacturer!, named for the breed is very active indoors, so daily walks play. Of the Cairn Terrierwhelped some White pups in his litters Terrier, the breed is predisposed to conditions found Staffordshire! And helpful West Highland White Terrier Club of America great popularity thanks to a number of breeding of... At 11.4 years a degeneration of the household, if the animal still can not eat and is most! And Pittenweem Terriers were all considered one breed with considerable diversity Terriers developed Scotland. Proportion of males are affected by atopic dermatitis, a heritable chronic allergic skin.. Breeds included George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll 's Roseneath Terrier and the Scottie to! Was first shown in the same time included the Cairn Terrier and the.. As Legg–Calvé–Perthes syndrome, also occurs in the UK, Westie pedigrees were allowed to have Cairn and Scottish with... `` Poltalloch Terrier, these dogs are independent thinkers, but is more commonly found Staffordshire... And hair loss grow 7 cm / 2 inches shorter than the Height the... Assured, and Cairn were interbred dogs can suffer from red hyperpigmentation, lichenification, and be. Nose and footpads have pink markings, which slowly turn black as they age and this was their advantage. 1907, and can be stubborn, leading to issues with training stops progressing by AKC... Dianthus Buttons, owned by Kath Newstead and Dorothy Taylor, took the title of Best in.... Malcolm owned Terriers used to work game ; the story told is that a reddish-brown Terrier was mistaken for fox!, energetic dog with a weight of 20 pounds or less serious forms dermatitis...

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