In general, under state law, school attendance in Pennsylvania is mandatory for a child from the age of 8 until the age of 17, or until graduation from an accredited high school, whichever is earlier. Most recently, in the 2016 presidential election, Donald Trump became the first Republican candidate to win the state since 1988, winning the state 48.6% to 47.8%.  Traditional Pennsylvania Dutch foods include chicken potpie, ham potpie, schnitz un knepp (dried apples, ham, and dumplings), fasnachts (raised doughnuts), scrapple, pretzels, bologna, chow-chow, and Shoofly pie. The legislature meets in the State Capitol there. Whites make up the majority of Pennsylvania; they are mostly descended from German, Irish, Scottish, Welsh, Italian, and English immigrants. The Pennsylvania Film Production Tax Credit began in 2004 and stimulated the development of a film industry in the state.. Pennsylvania is home to many major league professional sports teams: the Philadelphia Phillies and Pittsburgh Pirates of Major League Baseball, the Philadelphia 76ers of the National Basketball Association, the Pittsburgh Steelers and Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League, the Philadelphia Flyers and Pittsburgh Penguins of the National Hockey League, and the Philadelphia Union of Major League Soccer. Three of our most treasured documents are associated with Pennsylvania: the Declaration of independence and the United States Constitution (both executed in Philadelphia), and Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. Pennsylvania has 140 miles (225 km) of waterfront along Lake Erie and the Delaware River.. Casino gambling was legalized in Pennsylvania in 2004. Arkansas: The Natural State, Land of Opportunity, The Razorback State. This was one of the largest land grants to an individual in history. Pennsylvania has 18 seats in the United States House of Representatives, as of the 2010 Census. Straddling two major zones, the majority of the state, except for the southeastern corner, has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa). Pennsylvania is divided into 60 judicial districts, most of which (except Philadelphia) have magisterial district judges (formerly called district justices and justices of the peace), who preside mainly over preliminary hearings in felony and misdemeanor offenses, all minor (summary) criminal offenses, and small civil claims. Penn suggested Sylvania, meaning woodland. The state has five geographical regions, namely the Allegheny Plateau, Ridge and Valley, Atlantic Coastal Plain, Piedmont, and the Erie Plain. England acquired the region in 1664 with the capture of New York, and in 1681 Pennsylvania was granted to William Penn, a Quaker, by King Charles II. All 121 state parks in Pennsylvania feature free admission. … Better than your state. Donald B. Kraybill and C. Nelson Hostetter: "Enrollment booming with new, returning students". Since 1992, however, the Philadelphia suburbs have swung Democratic; the brand of Republicanism there was traditionally a moderate one. The school was founded by Benjamin Rush and named after John Dickinson. Independence Hall, where the United States Declaration of Independence and United States Constitution were drafted, is located in Philadelphia, the state's largest city. Among residents age 25 and over, 86.7% have graduated from high school. , The General Assembly met at Grace Methodist Church on State Street (still standing) until a new capitol could be built. Counties, municipalities, and school districts levy taxes on real estate. The Pennsylvania State University is the Commonwealth's land-grant university, Sea Grant College and, Space Grant College. The land was not yet in British possession, but the sale boxed in the portion of New Netherland on the West side of the Delaware River. June 25, 2008. The chief is, to ill-treat no person on account of religion, and to consider as brethren all those who believe in one God.  The dam impounds the Allegheny River near Downtown Pittsburgh. Like most nicknames, it is not known, for certain, where this name originated, but there are a few interesting thoughts about how this nickname came to be. Penn State claims two national championships (1982 & 1986) as well as seven undefeated seasons (1887, 1912, 1968, 1969, 1973, 1986 and 1994). Which state was not represented? In 1989, The New York Times praised it as "grand, even awesome at moments, but it is also a working building, accessible to citizens ... a building that connects with the reality of daily life".. The northeast includes the former anthracite coal mining cities of Scranton, Wilkes-Barre, Pittston, Nanticoke, and Hazleton. Pennsylvania's diverse topography also produces a variety of climates, though the entire state experiences cold winters and humid summers. The first State Flag bearing the State Coat of Arms was authorized by the General Assembly in 1799. One unique museum is the Houdini Museum in Scranton, the only building in the world devoted to the legendary magician.  One county, Philadelphia County, is coterminous with the city of Philadelphia after it was consolidated in 1854. Make online reservations or call toll-free 888-PA-PARKS (888-727-2757), 7:00 A.M. - 5:00 P.M. Monday to Saturday, for state park information and reservations, or email us your postal address for an information packet. Memories last a lifetime . There are also two motocross race tracks that host a round of the AMA Toyota Motocross Championships in Pennsylvania.  An estimated 350,000 Pennsylvanians served in the Union Army forces including 8,600 African American military volunteers. However, Pennsylvania has a history of electing Republican senators. Cities include Philadelphia, Reading, Lebanon and Lancaster in the southeast, Pittsburgh in the southwest, the tri-cities of Allentown, Bethlehem, and Easton in the central east (known as the Lehigh Valley). Blue and gold Pennsylvania license plate featuring the "keystone" symbol; photo by Norm Russo (used by permission).  Other long-accredited AZA zoos include the Erie Zoo and the Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium.  Bryan Cutler is Speaker of the House of Representatives, with Kerry A. Benninghoff as Majority Leader and Frank Dermody as Minority Leader. The other two teams are Philadelphia Union II and the Pittsburgh Riverhounds. For other uses, see, Map of the United States with Pennsylvania highlighted, It has been suggested that this section be. Philadelphia in the southeast corner, Pittsburgh in the southwest corner, Erie in the northwest corner, Scranton-Wilkes-Barre in the northeast corner, and Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton in the east central region are urban manufacturing centers. For most of the second half of the 20th century and into the 21st century, Pennsylvania has been a powerful swing state. , The General Assembly met in the old Dauphin County Court House until December 1821, when the Federal-style "Hills Capitol" (named for its builder, Stephen Hills, a Lancaster architect) was constructed on a hilltop land grant of four acres set aside for a seat of state government by the prescient, entrepreneurial son and namesake of John Harris, Sr., a Yorkshire native who had founded a trading post in 1705 and ferry (1733) on the east shore of the Susquehanna River. Pennsylvania became the second state in 1787. The state would impose a 50% tax on net gambling revenues, after winning players have been paid, with the remaining 50% going to the establishment owners. The Congress was the first meeting of the Thirteen Colonies, called at the request of the Massachusetts Assembly, but only nine colonies sent delegates. , When the Founding Fathers of the United States convened in Philadelphia in 1774, 12 colonies sent representatives to the First Continental Congress. A report from The Center for Rural Pennsylvania (a Legislative Agency of the Pennsylvania General Assembly) reported that hunting, fishing, and furtaking generated a total of $9.6 billion statewide. Democratic political consultant James Carville once pejoratively described Pennsylvania as "Philadelphia in the east, Pittsburgh in the west and Alabama in the middle".  President Theodore Roosevelt called it "the most beautiful state Capital in the nation" and said, "It's the handsomest building I ever saw" at the dedication.  The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania is the final appellate court. The Port Authority of Allegheny County is the 25th-largest transit agency and provides transit bus and light rail service in and around Pittsburgh. A surge in immigration to the U.S. during the late 19th and early 20th centuries provided a steady flow of cheap labor for these industries, which often employed children and people who could not speak English. Pennsylvania State History. Sauerkraut along with pork and mashed potatoes is a common meal on New Year's Day in Pennsylvania.  In all, Pennsylvania is home to fifty Fortune 500 companies. Was the Pennsylvania Railroad named after the state of Pennsylvania? A Complete List of U.S. State Nicknames. Suggested revenue sources include taxing natural gas drilling as Pennsylvania is the only state without such a tax on gas drilling. It is the 9th-most densely populated of the 50 states. Pennsylvania also has a very large Amish population, second only to Ohio among the states. Pennsylvania is the 33rd-largest state by area, and the 5th-most populous state according to the most recent official U.S. Census count in 2010. Other notable companies include Just Born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, makers of Hot Tamales, Mike and Ikes, the Easter favorite marshmallow Peeps, and Boyer Brothers of Altoona, Pennsylvania, which is well known for its Mallo Cups. , Sales taxes provide 39% of the Commonwealth's revenue; personal income taxes 34%; motor vehicle taxes about 12%, and taxes on cigarettes and alcoholic beverages 5%. The Pennsylvania German language is a descendant of German, in the West Central German dialect family. Residents of Philadelphia working for an employer are not required to file a local return as long as their Philadelphia wage tax is fully withheld by their employer. Illinois State Nicknames. Pennsylvania German is still very vigorous as a first language among Old Order Amish and Old Order Mennonites (principally in the Lancaster County area), whereas it is almost extinct as an everyday language outside the plain communities, though a few words have passed into English usage. Arnold Palmer, one of the 20th century's most notable pro golfers, comes from Latrobe, while Jim Furyk, a current PGA member, grew up near in Lancaster. Sure, the people can be dumb, but not as dumb as in Alabama. Former Governor Ed Rendell had considered legalizing video poker machines in bars and private clubs in 2009 since an estimated 17,000 operate illegally across the state. The English entrepreneur and philosopher William Penn was a devoted Quaker and was considered the founder of the Province of Pennsylvania and his passion for freedom of religion and democracy made him very popular both among Indians and colonists. The Battle of Gettysburg—the major turning point of the Civil War—took place near Gettysburg. Some people believe the nickname, the Keystone State, originated from the time when the states were voting for their independence from Britain. Pennsylvania (/ˌpɛnsəlˈveɪniə/ (listen) PEN-səl-VAY-nee-ə) (Pennsylvania German: Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state in the Mid-Atlantic, Appalachian, and Great Lakes regions of the Northeastern United States.  Most criminal and civil cases originate in the Courts of Common Pleas, which also serve as appellate courts to the district judges and for local agency decisions. Pennsylvania had nine delegates in the Continental Congress. , Other tribes, like the Erie, may have once held land in Pennsylvania, but no longer did so by the year 1600. Moving toward the mountainous interior of the state, the winter climate becomes colder, the number of cloudy days increases, and snowfall amounts are greater. The Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, abbreviated as PennDOT, owns 39,861 miles (64,150 km) of the 121,770 miles (195,970 km) of roadway in the state, making it the fifth-largest state highway system in the United States.  The Hispanic population is greatest in Bethlehem, Allentown, Reading, Lancaster, York, and around Philadelphia. , On February 28, 1681, Charles II granted a land charter to William Penn to repay a debt of £16,000 (around £2,100,000 in 2008, adjusting for retail inflation) owed to William's father, Admiral William Penn. The state capital and its 13th-largest city is Harrisburg. In total, 9.9% (1,170,628) of Pennsylvania's population age 5 and older spoke a mother language other than English.. Signing of the U.S Constitution at Philadelphia Convention (public domain image on Wikipedia). United States Declaration of Independence, Constitutional Convention (United States), List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania, To the Inhabitants of the British Colonies, List of Pennsylvania counties by per capita income, List of Pennsylvania locations by per capita income, List of towns and boroughs in Pennsylvania, List of county seats in Pennsylvania (by population), List of census-designated places in Pennsylvania, List of colleges and universities in Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education, Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine, University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, List of public transit authorities in Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority, NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision, "Elevations and Distances in the United States", "Most spoken languages in Pennsylvania in 2010", "General Coastline and Shoreline Mileage of the United States", 2006 Statistical Abstract: Geography & Environment: Land and Land Use, "National Park Service: Our Fourth Shore", "Climate Information—National Weather Service Central PA", Charter for the Province of Pennsylvania-1681, "Wales on Britannia: Facts About Wales & the Welsh", https://philadelphiaencyclopedia.org/archive/treaty-of-shackamaxon-2/, https://hiddencityphila.org/2014/05/respectfully-remembering-the-affable-one/, "An account of the remarkable occurrences in the life and travels of Colonel James Smith (Late a citizen of Bourbon County, Kentucky) : during his captivity with the Indians, in the years 1755,'56, '57, '58, & '59", "Library of Congress: Primary documents—The Declaration of Independence", "Pennsylvania ratifies the Constitution of 1787", "The National Forests of the United States", "Backgrounder on the Three Mile Island Accident", "In Japan, workers struggling to hook up power to Fukushima reactor", "Pennsylvania QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau", John Mortonin jalanjäljillä Philadelphiassa, YLE: John Mortonin syntyperä syynissä Raytalammilla, "American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates", "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States", "Research Brief : The Commonwealth's Official Source for Population and Economic Statistics", "Puerto Ricans Leave N.Y. Report Tells Where They Go—Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños", "Thedailyjournal—Puerto Rico's population exodus is all about jobs", "Population and Population Centers by State—2000", "Table 16: Resident Population by Age and State: 2010", "Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates", "National Vital Statistics Reports Volume 67, Number 1, January 31, 2018", "Religious composition of adults in Pennsylvania", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", "Amish Country | Ohio | Visitor Information", "Friends General Conference States (2010)—QuickLists—The Association of Religion Data Archives", "New Hampshire Now Least Religious State in U.S", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "Appeals court races wrap up with focus on voter mobilization", "Wal-Mart tops Pa. list of largest private employers", "Pennsylvania GDP and Per-Capita GDP | Department of Numbers", "Pennsylvania: real GDP growth 2000–2017 | Statistic", "Notice: Data not available: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics", "What is PA Preferred?  Other tribes who entered the region during the colonial era were the Trockwae, Tutelo, Saponi, Shawnee, Nanticoke, Conoy Piscataway, Iroquois Confederacy—likely among others. They are all based on the theme of the necessity of a keystone in a supporting structure. D.G. Outside of Scranton, in Old Forge there are dozens of Italian restaurants specializing in pizza made unique by thick, light crust and American cheese. New content will be added above the current area of focus upon selection Statehood: December 12, 1787 (2nd state) Symbols This local return is filed with the local income tax collector, a private collection agency (e.g. During the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg was fought in the south central region of the state. Other groups include the Mennonites, the Brethren, and sub-groups within each group, many of whom use cars and electricity. The University of Pennsylvania, located in Philadelphia, is considered the first university in the United States and established the country's first medical school. Nickname: Keystone State. According to the Association of religion data archives (ARDA) at Pennsylvania State University, the largest religions in Pennsylvania by adherents are the Roman Catholic Church with 3,503,028 adherents, the United Methodist Church with 591,734 members, and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America with 501,974 members. , Pennsylvania's Hispanic population grew by 82.6% between 2000 and 2010, making it one of the largest increases in a state's Hispanic population. Pennsylvania’s essential role in the founding of the United States earned it the nickname, the “Keystone State.” The term “keystone” comes from architecture and refers to the central, wedge-shaped stone in an arch, which holds all the other stones in place. The treaty of William Penn was never violated. Two play in Power Five conferences, the Penn State University Nittany Lions of the Big Ten Conference and the University of Pittsburgh Panthers of the Atlantic Coast Conference, while the Temple University Owls play in the American Athletic Conference. In 2018, OurBus began offering service from West Chester, PA – Malvern, PA – King of Prussia, PA – Fort Washington, PA – New York, NY. This is a list of nicknames for each of the 50 states of the United States, ordered … Pennsylvania's nickname is "The Keystone State" because it was the middle colony of the original thirteen colonies, and because Pennsylvania has held a key position in the economic, social, and political development of the United States. This law specifies the requirements and responsibilities of the parents and the school district where the family lives.. The word is of English derivation and refers to the common "weal" (well-being) of the public. Within the first half of 2003, the annual Tekko commences in Pittsburgh. The Governor and Lieutenant Governor run as a ticket in the general election and are up for re-election every four years during the midterm elections. Pennsylvania shares the designation "Commonwealth" with Virginia, Kentucky and Massachusetts. The majority of Hispanics in Pennsylvania are of Puerto Rican descent, having one of the largest and fastest-growing Puerto Rican populations in the country. New Sweden claimed and, for the most part, controlled the lower Delaware River region (parts of present-day Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania) but settled few colonists there.  But it needed a more central location, as for example the Paxton Boys massacres of 1763 had made the legislature aware. Political analysts and editorials refer to central Pennsylvania as the "T" in statewide elections. Tornadoes occur annually in the state, sometimes in large numbers, such as 30 recorded tornadoes in 2011; generally speaking, these tornadoes do not cause significant damage. This is a list of U.S. state nicknames: (official state nicknames in bold) (Some may be more popular than others) The Lehigh Valley Zoo and ZOOAMERICA are other notable zoos. Waterborne Commerce Statistics Center, p. 5-4. These include Musikfest and NEARfest in Bethlehem, the Philadelphia Folk Festival, Creation Festival, the Great Allentown Fair, and Purple Door. This crossword clue was last seen on February 26 2020 in the Free Themed Crossword Puzzles Puzzle.  On a per-capita basis, Pennsylvania's 2016 per-capita GSP of $50,665 (in chained 2009 dollars) ranks 22nd among the fifty states.. Land of Lincoln. Among the regional foods associated with Philadelphia are cheesesteaks, hoagie, soft pretzels, Italian water ice, Irish potato candy, scrapple, Tastykake, and strombolis. Of these, 6,838,440 (53.8%) were estimated to belong to some sort of organized religion. It also promoted general employment and prosperity, since the Government used discretion and did not issue too much to inflate the currency. The state nickname of Pennsylvania is "The Keystone State". The Capitol Limited also passes through Pittsburgh, as well as Connellsville, on its way from Chicago to Washington, D.C. Traveling between Chicago and New York City, the Lake Shore Limited passes through Erie once in each direction. Much of the Commonwealth is rural; this dichotomy affects state politics as well as the state economy.  The Dutch were the first to take possession. Whitetail deer, black bear, cottontail rabbits, squirrel, turkey, and grouse are common game species. The one that later transferred to Pennsylvania was Upland. The Three Valleys (Delaware, Lehigh, and Wyoming) and greater Pittsburgh generally vote for Democratic candidates, while the majority of the counties in the central part of the state vote Republican. 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