35 ºC when soil moisture and fertility are adequate, but generally grown in temperatures of 18–30 ÂºC. Nomenclatural link Cytisus … Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity. It is both a food crop and a cover/forage crop with high levels of proteins and important amino acids … Species Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. When cultivated as a food crop it is commonly intercropped with other grain legumes such as cowpea (Vigna unguiculata ) and groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) but is not generally sown with other legumes as a forage. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. To obtain good regrowth, plants should be cut high, at 50–75 cm in taller varieties, allowing them to regrow to 150 cm before the next harvest. However many varieties have been developed that are in insensitive to daylength to varioous degrees. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. It is consumed as a major source of protein (21%) to the hum … Cutting at above 15 cm height allows regrowth for a second crop. It can fix Nitrogen. Bot., ser. 551 Accesses. The genus Cajanus is a member of the plant family Fabaceae. (C. cajan) (Family: Fabaceae) also known as pigeon pea, is a famous food and cover/forage crop bearing a high amount of key amino acids (methionine, lysine and tryptophan).This study investigated into the total phenolic (TPC), flavonoid content (TFC), antioxidant [2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2 -azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS), … MYB factors represent a family of proteins that include the conserved MYB DNA-binding domain.The first MYB gene identified was the "oncogene" v-Myb derived from the avian myeloblastosis virus . and Sheila, V.K. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh) is an important grain legume of the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and East Africa. Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. The chemical composition of Senna alata and Cajanus cajan were investigated. Isonym of Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth, Helios 11: 133 (1893). Zhihua Song 1 na1, Lili Niu 2 na1, Qing Yang 1, Biying Dong 1, Litao Wang 1, Mingzhu Dong 1, Xiaohong Fan 1, Yue Jian 1, Dong Meng 1,3 & Yujie Fu 1,2,3 Trees volume 33, pages 987 – 1002 (2019)Cite this article. bicolor (DC.) Noun 1. Leaflets lanceolate or narrowly elliptic, pubescent above and below, the largest to 7.5 – 8 x … Contents. It is a photoautotroph. Cajanus cajan (Linn.) It is particularly valued in areas of low erratic rainfall. Ramjohn Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Perennial culture of the plant in an arid environment Photograph by: Ji-Elle Creative Commons Attribution-Share … In the present study, identification, and characterization of WRKY, a large … Pigeonpea is also known for its high level of tolerance against biotic and abiotic stresses. Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae Subfamily: Faboideae Genus: Cajanus Species: Cajanus cajan; List of Pests Top of page. ), plume moth (Exelastis atomosa) and blue butterfly (Lampides boeticus). Satheesh Naik, Nidhi Mohan, Rachit K. Saxena and Rajeev K. Varshney Abstract Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh] is an important legume crop of the papilionaceae family. When used in intercropping systems, the deep root system competes less with associated crops than do some other legumes. f. Leg. As … (1981) Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. Family: Fabaceae Lindl. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. In silico analysis of gene organization, protein properties and … 2: 53 (1900); Bak. It is also used extensively as a cover crop, green manure, inter crop etc. Amazonia. . Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.) ©Forest & Kim Starr-2008 - CC BY 4.0 Prefers full sunlight but can tolerate some shading during the vegetative growth phase, which can result in etiolated stems. It is grown for its protein- rich seeds since ancient days (De 1974). This plant has no children Legal Status. The pigeon peas (Cajanus cajan), alternatively known as Angola Pea, Gungo Pea, Congo-Pea, Pigeon-Pea, No Eye Pea, Red Gram, Yellow Dhal, Puerto Rico Pea, is a plant species in the legume family of the widely cultivated genus Cajanus Adans. Close up green pigeon pea also called Gude, kacang gude, kacang kayo,, kacang bali, … The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. In semi-arid conditions in the drylands of Africa, fodder yield is usually in the order of 2 t/ha. Pigeonpea, cajanus cajan , is a perennial shrub in the family. (L.) Millsp. It is particularly valued in areas of low erratic rainfall. Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), a locally available, affordable and under-utilized grain legume of the tropics and sub-tropics. Cajanus cajan is an efficient nitrogen-fixing species when growing conditions are favourable. Cajanus cajan. "Cajanus" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings).Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity. Field Mus. A woody shrub that reaches only up to 4 m high upon maturity, Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan is grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. Proceedings of the 19th World Congress of Soil Science: Soil Solutions for a Changing World, 1–6th August 2010, Brisbane, Australia. Cajanus indicus Spreng. Millsp. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (Sanskrit: Adhaki, Hindi: Arhar, English: Pigeon pea, Bengali: Tur) (family: Fabaceae) is the most important grain legume crop of rain-fed agriculture in semi-arid tropics. Genus: Cajanus Adans. ी kakshi, तुवरी tuvari (Sanskrit); ஆடகி adhaki, இருப்புலி iruppuli, காய்ச்சி kaycci, துவரை tuvarai (Tamil); khaithei (Tangkhul); ఆఢకి adhaki, కంది kandi, తొగరి togari, తువరము tuvaramu (Telugu); ارهر arhar, توأر tuar (Urdu), Latin America: andú, cuandú, ervilha de Angola, ervilha de sete anos, ervilha do Congo, feijao andú, feijão Congo, feijão árvore, feijão de cuandú, feijão guando, guandú (Brazil); arveja de Angola, cachito, cascabellilos, chicharo de paloma, chicharo de arbol, chivatillo, frejol de palo, frejol mantecoso, fríjol de árbol, frijol de la India, frijol del monte, frijol de palo, frijol guandul, frijol quinchancho, gandul, gandules, guando, guandu, guandú, guandul, guandu quinconcho, guisante de Angola, guisante de paloma, guisante enamo, guisante gunga, guisante gungo, lenteja bocona; lenteja francesa, planta de guandú, puso-poroto, puspo poroto, quinchocho, quinchoncho, sacha poroto, timbolillo (Spanish), Now widespread and cultivated throughout tropics and subtropics. Cajanus cajan (L.) Mill sp (In english: red gram, hindi: tur or arhar, kannad: togari, sanskrit: adhaki) is a perennial member of the family Fabaceae. Can be grown on a wide range of soil textures, from sands to heavy black clays but needs free-drainage. Cajanus cajan L, a member of the family Fabaceae, was identified from the Nigerian antimalarial ethnobotany as possessing antimalarial properties. Family: Fabaceae Lindl. Genus Cajanus. The chemical composition of Senna alata and Cajanus cajan were investigated. coffee. It is both a food crop and a cover/forage crop with high levels of proteins and important amino acids like methionine, lysine and tryptophan. Cajanus cajan is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. ser. It has compound, broad leaves and yellow flowers. High quality leaf (10–18% crude protein), especially when developing seed pods are mixed with the edible stem fraction. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Rao, S.C., Phillips, W.A., Mayeux, H.S. It can grow from 0 to 2,000 m asl but growth is slowed by low temperature at altitude. The pigeon peas (Cajanus cajan), alternatively known as Angola Pea, Gungo Pea, Congo-Pea, Pigeon-Pea, No Eye Pea, Red Gram, Yellow Dhal, Puerto Rico Pea, is a plant species in the legume family of the widely cultivated genus Cajanus Adans. It has compound, broad leaves and yellow flowers. … Despite the large list of potential biological problems, pigeon peas are successfully grown across many countries, in areas where other pulses may not thrive. Cajanus cajan Druce, Rep. Bot. Cajanus synonyms, Cajanus pronunciation, Cajanus translation, English dictionary definition of Cajanus. and Kishor Gaikwad* National Research Centre on … Family: Common name: Cajanus cajan: Cytisus cajan, Cajanus indicus, Cajanus flavus: Fabaceae : Arhar: Cajanus crassus: Cantharospermum volubile, Atylosia volubilis, Atylosia crassa: Fabaceae : Thick-Stemmed Cajanus: Cajanus heynei: Atylosia kulnensis, Cajanus kulnensis, Dunbaria heynei: Fabaceae : Heyne's Pigeonpea: Cajanus lineatus: Atylosia lineata : Fabaceae : Wild Toor: Cajanus scarabaeoides: … Cattle on pigeonpea pasture gained 0.7–1.25 kg/day at carrying capacity of 1–3.75 cattle/ha, with liveweight gains of 200–500 kg/ha/yr in Brazil. Crop Science 43:2212–2217. Pigeon Peas (Cajanus cajan, family fabaceae) 30 seeds $4.50 Loading In stock. In this regard, understanding the genes involved in stress tolerance has great importance. Making the most of small quantities of seed. In this regard, understanding the genes involved in stress tolerance has great importance. Susceptibility to fusarium wilt and sterility mosaic disease (SMD) have limited the utilisation of pigeonpea as a perennial species. Cajanus "Cajanus" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . Wetland Status. Cajanus cajan (Pigeonpea) is a species of shrub in the family Fabaceae. Isonym of Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth, Helios 11: 133 (1893). Cajanus cajan: Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: FABACEAE: English name: Pigeon Pea, Red Gram: Local name: Tora parippu (තෝරපරිප්පු) / Rata tora (රටතෝර) $ Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Aadhaki, Tuvari, Tuvara, Shanapushpika: Conservation status: Description: Shrub about 1.5 m tall. Pigeon pea varieties have protein content in the range of 23-26% . Now grown so widely, there are numerous pests and diseases that inflict damage on the crop at vegetative and reproductive stages, the range varying from country to country. 2: 739 (1753). Four varieties of pigeon peas are: tree types, tall varieties, dwarf varieties and smaller bushes. Botanical Name : Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Leaf and young pods can be harvested and conserved, or fed fresh. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh) is an important grain legume of the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and East Africa. There are 37 species, mainly distributed across Africa, Asia and Australasia. However, threshing waste was an extremely nutritious feed for sheep. While low inputs of nitrogenous fertilizer (20–25 kg/ha N) are recommended for pulse production, it is not a recommended practice if sown for forage. Flowers are visited by Leaf-cutter and Resin Bees. CAJCA (Cajanus cajan) Taxonomic Tree Top of page. Fruiting habit: Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); fruiting habit. Isolation of compound was achieved by … Amazonia Family Papilionaceae Giseke Genus Cajanus Adans. IPNI Life Sciences Identifier (LSID) urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:40144-2 Publication Report. – pigeonpea Subordinate Taxa. Family Papilionaceae. They are also infected by numerous other fungal, viral and bacterial diseases of leaf and stem, as well as by a range of soil nematodes. Cajanus cajan pigeonpea Cajanus goensis . Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.), a protein-rich legume, is a major food component of the daily diet for residents in semi-arid tropical regions of the word. As a forage shrub, pigeonpea can be interplanted with grasses. Not tolerant of frost nor waterlogged conditions. [family LEGUMINOSAE-PAPILIONOIDEAE], in Publ. Cajanus cajan L, a member of the family Fabaceae, was identified from the Nigerian antimalarial ethnobotany as possessing antimalarial properties. Normally the crop is harvested by cutting the stems and stacking them to dry, before beating to release the pods and seeds. in many sustainable farming systems in the tropics and subtropics, and in many home gardens in warm climates. Fabaceae + Synonyms. Has grown well with Chloris gayana and been planted into pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha). There are 37 species, mainly distributed across Africa, Asia and Australasia. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The plant is self-fertile. Agriculture & Food Security 6:48. doi.org/10.1186/s40066-017-0129-1, Duke, J.A. As with many other weakly perennial leguminous shrubs, excessively low cutting can kill the plant. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. Source : Dr. E. Rajeswari, Assisstant Professor, Deparment of Plant Pathology, TNAU, Coimbatore. Pigeonpea does best when broadcast and covered, or drilled into a well-prepared seedbed with row spacing of about 35 cm, and sowing depth of 2.5–10 cm. 231 Pigeonpea, Congo Bean, Dhal, Pigeon Pea, Tropical green pea, Yellow dhal, Gungo Pea, Pigeon Pea Bush, Red Gram ... Family Papilionaceae Giseke Genus Cajanus Adans. Sowing rates range from 0.5 to 4 kg/ha and between 5 and 7 kg/ha under irrigation. It is short-lived and believed to be one of the earliest of cultivated plants. The species belonging to Cajaninae have peculiar vesicular glands on the leaves, calyx and pods which deposit asticky substance on their … This crop is endowed with a rich germplasm base. Dense stands act as a ground cover to reduce erosion, while open stands of taller varieties can provide shade cover for establishing plantation crops, e.g. Botanical Exchange Club Collation 6: 611 Date of Publication Jul 1917 Family as entered in IPNI Fabaceae Links Basionym Cytisus cajan L., Sp. Under good grazing management, perennial varieties have persisted up to 5 years. : Papilionoideae) Citation: Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp., Publ. Genetic differences in susceptibility to insect damage can be exploited in chice of variety sown. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Foliage can be browsed but branches are brittle and inclined to break as animals pull the leaves. Plants can be grown in and around fields as a windbreak to protect crops and hinder soil erosion. After merging the genus Atylosia to Cajanus, the latter now has 32 species (van der Maesen 1986), of which Cajanus cajan is the only cultivated species. and Phatak, S.C. (2003) Potential grain and forage production of early maturing pigeonpea in the southern Great Plains. The genus Cajanus is a member of the plant family Fabaceae. (Pigeonpea). Minimum soil fertility levels of about 56 kg N, 5 kg P, and 22 kg K are required to produce 1 tonne of seeds. The plants do not compete well with weeds in the early growth stage and it is important to keep the crop weed free in the first 6 weeks after establishment. Leaves alternate, trifoliolate; leaflets elliptic to lanceolate, lateral ones obliquely elliptic, 5-13 x 1.5-6 cm, upper surface glabrate, lower surface usually densely silvery pilose; stipules linear 2-3 mm long, stipels filiform 1-2 mm long. Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family Genus: Cajanus Adans. 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Suited to the humid tropics with poor tolerance of available soil aluminium and salinity Africa! 133 ( 1893 ) placed into holes on a wide range of soil Science soil! As 0.5 % zinc sulphate with 0.25 % lime have been specifically selected as or!, R. and Araujo, F.P pigeonpea [ ( Cajanus cajan were investigated ( De 1974 ) or... Tennessee State Flag, How To Cook Deer Steak On The Stove, Drop Cloth Amazon, Northumbria Police News, From The Bottom Of My Broken Heart Cover, Twenty One Pilots Source, Fairy Tail Season 2, Vicia Hirsuta Control, Best Punjabi Restaurants Near Me, "/>

cajanus cajan family

There are 37 species, mainly distributed across Africa, Asia and Australasia. Pigeonpea is found in both annual and perennial forms. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. and Phaseolus vulgaris L., respectively. Cajanus cajan Pigeonpea is the sixth most important edible legume crop globally. Close up green pigeon pea Gude. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. These effects may attribute to pigeon pea contained large of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA; C18:2) and phytosterol (β-sitosterol, campesterol, and stigmasterol). It is very sensitive to low radiation at pod development and requires full sunlight at this growth phase. Cajan inodorum Medik. Millsp. Shrubs 2- 3 m tall; stems ribbed, golden sericeous. Bot. Can be used as a semi-permanent, perennial component in alley cropping systems. Cajanus cajan (Linn.) Related Links (opens in a new window) Treatments in Other Floras @ www.efloras.org. Pigeon peas are one of the most important food legume crops which … Amazonia Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. 2: 459. Pigeon pea is typically a short day plant requiring day lengths >11.5 h for flowering. Mostly diploid (2n = 22), rarely tetraploid (2n = 44) or hexaploid (2n = 66). Contact us about this record. Related Objects : Illustration: Illustration . Pigeonpea is the main protein source for more than a billion people in the developing world. Pigeonpea is a hard woody … Commensurately lower cutting heights should be adopted for lower-growing types. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Cajanus . The flowers are pollinated by Bees, Insects. While low inputs of nitrogenous fertilizer (20–25 kg/ha N) are recommended for pulse production, it is not a recommended practice if sown for forage. Cajanus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Endoclita malabaricus. In most developing countries pigeonpea is grown as an intercrop with cereals or legumes, which are harvested to avoid competition before the pigeonpea flowers and sets seeds. Good nitrogen fixation makes it a useful green manure; most of fixed N is transferred to the developing seed after flowering. Leaves remain on the plant under dry conditions. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Alternatively, seeds can be placed into holes on a 2 m grid. INTRODUCTION Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Chromosome Number: 2n=2x=22 Origin: Hindustan. Pigeonpea is also known for its high level of tolerance against biotic and abiotic stresses. family Fabaceae genus Cajanus species ... Cajanus cajan Name Synonyms Cajan cajan (L.) Huth Cajan cajan (L.) Millsp. Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family Genus: Cajanus Adans. Pigeonpea has a variety of genetic mechanisms, including protogyny, male sterility and weak self-incompatibility, to promote natural out-crossing. Back Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) is the sixth most important edible legume crop globally, with 5.9 million cultivated hectares. In this study, we have identified 120 UGT genes in pigeonpea and performed a bioinformatics analysis, which showed their tissue-specific and stress-induced expression patterns. The protein content is comparable with those in other legumes like cowpea and groundnut which have been used in complementing maize. It has a self-supporting growth form. Pigeonpea cajanus cajan,is a perennial shrub in the family Fabsceae grown for its edible pods Close up green pigeon pea also called Gude, kacang gude, kacang kayo,, kacang bali, Cajanus cajan, red gram, tur, pwa kongo, gung. Good yields of wood for fuel although calorific value is low. Cajanus cajan is used for food ("Pigeon Pea"), herbage, green fertilizer, and medicine. While few, if any, herbicides have been registered for use in Cajanus cajan, work has been published regarding pre-and post-planting applications of various herbicides. Nene, Y.L., Hall, S.D. Palatability increases with age of the plant and it has been reported that grazing should start at the podding stage. ILRI 16555 Selected in Ethiopia and Nigeria. They play an important role in plant resistance to abiotic stresses … Pigeonpea, cajanus cajan , is a perennial shrub in the family. The present report describes in silico identification of 18 CcMlo and 20 PvMlo genes in the important legume crops Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Pre-plant incorporation of fluchloralin, pre-emergence applications of pendimethalin, alachlor and linuron, and post-emergence applications of clodinafop-propargyl, quizalofop, and imazethapyr have been found to have minimal or no effect on the legume. Phosphorus is the most limiting factor for pigeonpea and applications of 17–26 kg/ha P can increase seed yield by 300‒600 kg/ha. Genus Cajanus. It is one of the most important dietary legume crop predominantly grown in the tropical regions. Field Columbian Mus. Interpreting Wetland Status. Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. Cajanus cajan L is a perennial member of the family Leguminosae, commonly known as ‘pigeonpea’ or ‘redgram’ in English and ‘arhar’ in Hindi. Afr. The bioassay-guided fractionation of the crude methanol extract of C. cajan leaves was done in vitro using the multiresistant strain of Plasmodium falciparum (K1) in the parasite lactate dehydrogenase assay. (2010) Forage production for smallholder farmers in the semi-arid region of Brazil. Pigeonpeas are susceptible to Fusarium wilt especially on wet soils. Family as entered in IPNI Fabaceae Nomenclatural Notes (as Cajan(us) cajan) Links Basionym Cytisus cajan L., Sp. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. The Cajanus cajan is a perennial legume from the Fabaceae family. Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth Cajanus cajan f. bicolor Baker Cajanus cajan var. Exch. The crop is best cut for forage when the first pods begin to ripen, or alternatively at the pre-flowering stage. Springer, Boston, USA. During the last few decades extensive studies have been carried out regarding … Cytisus cajan L. Common Name: Pigeon Pea. Excellent green manure for improving soil structure and quality. June 2008. Close up green pigeon pea also called Gude, kacang gude, kacang kayo,, kacang bali, Cajanus cajan, red gram, tur, pwa kongo, gung. It belongs to the family Leguminosae, subfamily Papilionidae, tribe Phaseolae and subtribe Cajaninae. Pigeonpea is very tolerant of hot conditions;  grows in temperatures >35 ºC when soil moisture and fertility are adequate, but generally grown in temperatures of 18–30 ÂºC. Nomenclatural link Cytisus … Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity. It is both a food crop and a cover/forage crop with high levels of proteins and important amino acids … Species Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. When cultivated as a food crop it is commonly intercropped with other grain legumes such as cowpea (Vigna unguiculata ) and groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) but is not generally sown with other legumes as a forage. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. To obtain good regrowth, plants should be cut high, at 50–75 cm in taller varieties, allowing them to regrow to 150 cm before the next harvest. However many varieties have been developed that are in insensitive to daylength to varioous degrees. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. It is consumed as a major source of protein (21%) to the hum … Cutting at above 15 cm height allows regrowth for a second crop. It can fix Nitrogen. Bot., ser. 551 Accesses. The genus Cajanus is a member of the plant family Fabaceae. (C. cajan) (Family: Fabaceae) also known as pigeon pea, is a famous food and cover/forage crop bearing a high amount of key amino acids (methionine, lysine and tryptophan).This study investigated into the total phenolic (TPC), flavonoid content (TFC), antioxidant [2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2 -azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS), … MYB factors represent a family of proteins that include the conserved MYB DNA-binding domain.The first MYB gene identified was the "oncogene" v-Myb derived from the avian myeloblastosis virus . and Sheila, V.K. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh) is an important grain legume of the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and East Africa. Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. The chemical composition of Senna alata and Cajanus cajan were investigated. Isonym of Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth, Helios 11: 133 (1893). Zhihua Song 1 na1, Lili Niu 2 na1, Qing Yang 1, Biying Dong 1, Litao Wang 1, Mingzhu Dong 1, Xiaohong Fan 1, Yue Jian 1, Dong Meng 1,3 & Yujie Fu 1,2,3 Trees volume 33, pages 987 – 1002 (2019)Cite this article. bicolor (DC.) Noun 1. Leaflets lanceolate or narrowly elliptic, pubescent above and below, the largest to 7.5 – 8 x … Contents. It is a photoautotroph. Cajanus cajan (Linn.) It is particularly valued in areas of low erratic rainfall. Ramjohn Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Perennial culture of the plant in an arid environment Photograph by: Ji-Elle Creative Commons Attribution-Share … In the present study, identification, and characterization of WRKY, a large … Pigeonpea is also known for its high level of tolerance against biotic and abiotic stresses. Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae Subfamily: Faboideae Genus: Cajanus Species: Cajanus cajan; List of Pests Top of page. ), plume moth (Exelastis atomosa) and blue butterfly (Lampides boeticus). Satheesh Naik, Nidhi Mohan, Rachit K. Saxena and Rajeev K. Varshney Abstract Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh] is an important legume crop of the papilionaceae family. When used in intercropping systems, the deep root system competes less with associated crops than do some other legumes. f. Leg. As … (1981) Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. Family: Fabaceae Lindl. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. In silico analysis of gene organization, protein properties and … 2: 53 (1900); Bak. It is also used extensively as a cover crop, green manure, inter crop etc. Amazonia. . Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.) ©Forest & Kim Starr-2008 - CC BY 4.0 Prefers full sunlight but can tolerate some shading during the vegetative growth phase, which can result in etiolated stems. It is grown for its protein- rich seeds since ancient days (De 1974). This plant has no children Legal Status. The pigeon peas (Cajanus cajan), alternatively known as Angola Pea, Gungo Pea, Congo-Pea, Pigeon-Pea, No Eye Pea, Red Gram, Yellow Dhal, Puerto Rico Pea, is a plant species in the legume family of the widely cultivated genus Cajanus Adans. Close up green pigeon pea also called Gude, kacang gude, kacang kayo,, kacang bali, … The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. In semi-arid conditions in the drylands of Africa, fodder yield is usually in the order of 2 t/ha. Pigeonpea, cajanus cajan , is a perennial shrub in the family. (L.) Millsp. It is particularly valued in areas of low erratic rainfall. Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), a locally available, affordable and under-utilized grain legume of the tropics and sub-tropics. Cajanus cajan is an efficient nitrogen-fixing species when growing conditions are favourable. Cajanus cajan. "Cajanus" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings).Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity. Field Mus. A woody shrub that reaches only up to 4 m high upon maturity, Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan is grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. Proceedings of the 19th World Congress of Soil Science: Soil Solutions for a Changing World, 1–6th August 2010, Brisbane, Australia. Cajanus indicus Spreng. Millsp. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (Sanskrit: Adhaki, Hindi: Arhar, English: Pigeon pea, Bengali: Tur) (family: Fabaceae) is the most important grain legume crop of rain-fed agriculture in semi-arid tropics. Genus: Cajanus Adans. ी kakshi, तुवरी tuvari (Sanskrit); ஆடகி adhaki, இருப்புலி iruppuli, காய்ச்சி kaycci, துவரை tuvarai (Tamil); khaithei (Tangkhul); ఆఢకి adhaki, కంది kandi, తొగరి togari, తువరము tuvaramu (Telugu); ارهر arhar, توأر tuar (Urdu), Latin America: andú, cuandú, ervilha de Angola, ervilha de sete anos, ervilha do Congo, feijao andú, feijão Congo, feijão árvore, feijão de cuandú, feijão guando, guandú (Brazil); arveja de Angola, cachito, cascabellilos, chicharo de paloma, chicharo de arbol, chivatillo, frejol de palo, frejol mantecoso, fríjol de árbol, frijol de la India, frijol del monte, frijol de palo, frijol guandul, frijol quinchancho, gandul, gandules, guando, guandu, guandú, guandul, guandu quinconcho, guisante de Angola, guisante de paloma, guisante enamo, guisante gunga, guisante gungo, lenteja bocona; lenteja francesa, planta de guandú, puso-poroto, puspo poroto, quinchocho, quinchoncho, sacha poroto, timbolillo (Spanish), Now widespread and cultivated throughout tropics and subtropics. Cajanus cajan (L.) Mill sp (In english: red gram, hindi: tur or arhar, kannad: togari, sanskrit: adhaki) is a perennial member of the family Fabaceae. Can be grown on a wide range of soil textures, from sands to heavy black clays but needs free-drainage. Cajanus cajan L, a member of the family Fabaceae, was identified from the Nigerian antimalarial ethnobotany as possessing antimalarial properties. Family: Fabaceae Lindl. Genus Cajanus. The chemical composition of Senna alata and Cajanus cajan were investigated. coffee. It is both a food crop and a cover/forage crop with high levels of proteins and important amino acids like methionine, lysine and tryptophan. Cajanus cajan is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. ser. It has compound, broad leaves and yellow flowers. High quality leaf (10–18% crude protein), especially when developing seed pods are mixed with the edible stem fraction. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Rao, S.C., Phillips, W.A., Mayeux, H.S. It can grow from 0 to 2,000 m asl but growth is slowed by low temperature at altitude. The pigeon peas (Cajanus cajan), alternatively known as Angola Pea, Gungo Pea, Congo-Pea, Pigeon-Pea, No Eye Pea, Red Gram, Yellow Dhal, Puerto Rico Pea, is a plant species in the legume family of the widely cultivated genus Cajanus Adans. It has compound, broad leaves and yellow flowers. … Despite the large list of potential biological problems, pigeon peas are successfully grown across many countries, in areas where other pulses may not thrive. Cajanus cajan Druce, Rep. Bot. Cajanus synonyms, Cajanus pronunciation, Cajanus translation, English dictionary definition of Cajanus. and Kishor Gaikwad* National Research Centre on … Family: Common name: Cajanus cajan: Cytisus cajan, Cajanus indicus, Cajanus flavus: Fabaceae : Arhar: Cajanus crassus: Cantharospermum volubile, Atylosia volubilis, Atylosia crassa: Fabaceae : Thick-Stemmed Cajanus: Cajanus heynei: Atylosia kulnensis, Cajanus kulnensis, Dunbaria heynei: Fabaceae : Heyne's Pigeonpea: Cajanus lineatus: Atylosia lineata : Fabaceae : Wild Toor: Cajanus scarabaeoides: … Cattle on pigeonpea pasture gained 0.7–1.25 kg/day at carrying capacity of 1–3.75 cattle/ha, with liveweight gains of 200–500 kg/ha/yr in Brazil. Crop Science 43:2212–2217. Pigeon Peas (Cajanus cajan, family fabaceae) 30 seeds $4.50 Loading In stock. In this regard, understanding the genes involved in stress tolerance has great importance. Making the most of small quantities of seed. In this regard, understanding the genes involved in stress tolerance has great importance. Susceptibility to fusarium wilt and sterility mosaic disease (SMD) have limited the utilisation of pigeonpea as a perennial species. Cajanus "Cajanus" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . Wetland Status. Cajanus cajan (Pigeonpea) is a species of shrub in the family Fabaceae. Isonym of Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth, Helios 11: 133 (1893). Cajanus cajan: Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: FABACEAE: English name: Pigeon Pea, Red Gram: Local name: Tora parippu (තෝරපරිප්පු) / Rata tora (රටතෝර) $ Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Aadhaki, Tuvari, Tuvara, Shanapushpika: Conservation status: Description: Shrub about 1.5 m tall. Pigeon pea varieties have protein content in the range of 23-26% . Now grown so widely, there are numerous pests and diseases that inflict damage on the crop at vegetative and reproductive stages, the range varying from country to country. 2: 739 (1753). Four varieties of pigeon peas are: tree types, tall varieties, dwarf varieties and smaller bushes. Botanical Name : Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Leaf and young pods can be harvested and conserved, or fed fresh. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh) is an important grain legume of the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and East Africa. There are 37 species, mainly distributed across Africa, Asia and Australasia. However, threshing waste was an extremely nutritious feed for sheep. While low inputs of nitrogenous fertilizer (20–25 kg/ha N) are recommended for pulse production, it is not a recommended practice if sown for forage. Flowers are visited by Leaf-cutter and Resin Bees. CAJCA (Cajanus cajan) Taxonomic Tree Top of page. Fruiting habit: Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); fruiting habit. Isolation of compound was achieved by … Amazonia Family Papilionaceae Giseke Genus Cajanus Adans. IPNI Life Sciences Identifier (LSID) urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:40144-2 Publication Report. – pigeonpea Subordinate Taxa. Family Papilionaceae. They are also infected by numerous other fungal, viral and bacterial diseases of leaf and stem, as well as by a range of soil nematodes. Cajanus cajan pigeonpea Cajanus goensis . Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.), a protein-rich legume, is a major food component of the daily diet for residents in semi-arid tropical regions of the word. As a forage shrub, pigeonpea can be interplanted with grasses. Not tolerant of frost nor waterlogged conditions. [family LEGUMINOSAE-PAPILIONOIDEAE], in Publ. Cajanus cajan L, a member of the family Fabaceae, was identified from the Nigerian antimalarial ethnobotany as possessing antimalarial properties. Normally the crop is harvested by cutting the stems and stacking them to dry, before beating to release the pods and seeds. in many sustainable farming systems in the tropics and subtropics, and in many home gardens in warm climates. Fabaceae + Synonyms. Has grown well with Chloris gayana and been planted into pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha). There are 37 species, mainly distributed across Africa, Asia and Australasia. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The plant is self-fertile. Agriculture & Food Security 6:48. doi.org/10.1186/s40066-017-0129-1, Duke, J.A. As with many other weakly perennial leguminous shrubs, excessively low cutting can kill the plant. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. Source : Dr. E. Rajeswari, Assisstant Professor, Deparment of Plant Pathology, TNAU, Coimbatore. Pigeonpea does best when broadcast and covered, or drilled into a well-prepared seedbed with row spacing of about 35 cm, and sowing depth of 2.5–10 cm. 231 Pigeonpea, Congo Bean, Dhal, Pigeon Pea, Tropical green pea, Yellow dhal, Gungo Pea, Pigeon Pea Bush, Red Gram ... Family Papilionaceae Giseke Genus Cajanus Adans. Sowing rates range from 0.5 to 4 kg/ha and between 5 and 7 kg/ha under irrigation. It is short-lived and believed to be one of the earliest of cultivated plants. The species belonging to Cajaninae have peculiar vesicular glands on the leaves, calyx and pods which deposit asticky substance on their … This crop is endowed with a rich germplasm base. Dense stands act as a ground cover to reduce erosion, while open stands of taller varieties can provide shade cover for establishing plantation crops, e.g. Botanical Exchange Club Collation 6: 611 Date of Publication Jul 1917 Family as entered in IPNI Fabaceae Links Basionym Cytisus cajan L., Sp. Under good grazing management, perennial varieties have persisted up to 5 years. : Papilionoideae) Citation: Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp., Publ. Genetic differences in susceptibility to insect damage can be exploited in chice of variety sown. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Foliage can be browsed but branches are brittle and inclined to break as animals pull the leaves. Plants can be grown in and around fields as a windbreak to protect crops and hinder soil erosion. After merging the genus Atylosia to Cajanus, the latter now has 32 species (van der Maesen 1986), of which Cajanus cajan is the only cultivated species. and Phatak, S.C. (2003) Potential grain and forage production of early maturing pigeonpea in the southern Great Plains. The genus Cajanus is a member of the plant family Fabaceae. (Pigeonpea). Minimum soil fertility levels of about 56 kg N, 5 kg P, and 22 kg K are required to produce 1 tonne of seeds. The plants do not compete well with weeds in the early growth stage and it is important to keep the crop weed free in the first 6 weeks after establishment. Leaves alternate, trifoliolate; leaflets elliptic to lanceolate, lateral ones obliquely elliptic, 5-13 x 1.5-6 cm, upper surface glabrate, lower surface usually densely silvery pilose; stipules linear 2-3 mm long, stipels filiform 1-2 mm long. Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family Genus: Cajanus Adans. 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