However, the traditional house building in Sikkim may be mentioned here. , The southern urban areas of Sikkim have English, Nepali and Hindi daily newspapers. 3. Among the state's most notable hot springs are those at Phurchachu, Yumthang, Borang, Ralang, Taram-chu and Yumey Samdong. Management: Management is the vital part of the broiler farming to achieve desired production. The investigation is entire Gangtok area, in East Sikkim and total area is 30.25 sq. The state also has deposits of other minerals, including coal, graphite, and limestone. The state government maintains 1,857 kilometres (1,154 mi) of roadways that do not fall under the BRO's jurisdiction..  These four districts are further divided into 16 subdivisions; Pakyong, Rongli, Rangpo and Gangtok are the subdivisions of the East district. The Bhutanese were driven away by the Tibetans, who restored the throne to the Chogyal ten years later. Cattle and buffalo are limited mainly to the subtropical humid belt, while yaks and sheep are herded in the higher elevations in the north. 2.  The traditional religions of the native Sikkimese account for much of the remainder of the population. The most important festival of the year is the two-day Phanglhapsol festival in August or September, in which masked dancers perform in honour of Kanchenjunga, the presiding deity. Yak herders in North Sikkim and scientists observed that climate change has disturbed the seasonal migration pattern of the yak and quality of fodder. India prepared a constitution for Sikkim that was approved by its national assembly in 1974. Little is presently known about the music of Nepal, Bhutan, and. 73 The river influences the life pattern and economy of the Sikkimese and others in Eastern India, parts of West Bengal and Bangladesh (Mukhopadya 1982). How much do you know about India’s geography? Several passes across this range afford easy access to the Chumbi valley in Tibet and, beyond the valley, to the Tibetan capital of Lhasa. The state is divided into a handful of districts. Internet cafés are well established in the district capitals, but broadband connectivity is not widely available.  It is also among India's most environmentally conscious states, having banned plastic water bottles "in any government functions and meetings" and polystyrene products (throughout the state). In 1950 the Indo-Sikkimese Treaty made Sikkim an Indian protectorate, with India assuming responsibility for the external relations, defense, and strategic communications of Sikkim.  In north-western Sikkim, the peaks are frozen year-round; because of the high altitude, temperatures in the mountains can drop to as low as −40 °C (−40 °F) in winter. The consequent changes are impacting yak milk productivity and reproduction and leading to drudgery, disease infestation, and mortality of yaks. View Phone Number. Traditional local festivals, such as Maghe Sankranti, Sakela, Chasok Tangnam and Bhimsen Puja, are popular. Tourism in Sikkim has emerged as the new profession of the Sikkimese people with its vast natural potential. CLIMATE CHANGE AND ADAPTATION 8 2.1 The need for adaptation 8 2.2 Adaptation and the UNFCCC 10 III. Brewing, distilling, tanning and watchmaking are the main industries and are mainly located in the southern regions of the state, primarily in the towns of Melli and Jorethang. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China in the north and northeast, Bhutan in the east, Nepal in the west, and West Bengal in the south. Some two-thirds of Sikkim consists of perpetually snow-covered mountains, dominated by the Kanchenjunga massif.  English is also spoken and understood in most of Sikkim. The housing pattern of the Savara is of linear type.  Furthermore, the state receives regional editions of national English newspapers such as The Statesman, The Telegraph, The Hindu and The Times of India. During the Losar (Tibetan New Year), most offices and educational institutions are closed for a week. , Sikkim's roads are maintained by the Border Roads Organisation (BRO), an offshoot of the Indian Army. Sikkim’s cultural life, though showing strong Tibetan influences, retains a character derived from the various tribes of Sikkim and their pre-Buddhist customs. There is a notable Christian minority in Sikkim, as well as a tiny community of Muslims. First, the 35th Amendment laid down a set of conditions that made Sikkim an "Associate State", a special designation not used by any other state. Sikkim achieved its ambition to convert its agriculture to fully organic between 2003 and 2016, and became the first state in India to achieve this distinction. Smart Cities. Rhododendron is its state tree; about 40 species of Rhododendron bloom late April – mid May across the state. The state is also considered to be the Kingdom of flowers and is an innovator in cultivating Gladiolus. , Beer, whiskey, rum and brandy are widely consumed in Sikkim, as is tongba, a millet-based alcoholic beverage that is popular in Nepal and Darjeeling. Gurudongmar Lake in the eastern Himalayas, extreme northern Sikkim, northern India. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. [unreliable source?] Avyakta, Bilokan, the Journal of Hill Research, Khaber Khagaj, Panda, and the Sikkim Science Society Newsletter are among other registered publications.. Sikkim - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Of the approximately 1,438 butterfly species found in the Indian subcontinent, 695 have been recorded in Sikkim. Go through the Exam pattern and the Marking scheme before beginning your preparation. Art & Culture; Festivals in Sikkim; How to reach Sikkim; Statistics . km.  Sikkim's most popular sports are football and cricket, although hang gliding and river rafting have grown popular as part of the tourism industry.  The railway line up to Rangpo is expected to be completed in 2021. Sikkim Nationalised Transport runs bus and truck services. On 8 December 2008, it was announced that Sikkim had become the first state in India to achieve 100 per cent sanitation coverage, becoming completely free of public defecation, thus attaining the status of "Nirmal State". , Meanwhile, Indian independence and its move to democracy spurred a fledgling political movement in Sikkim, giving rise to the formation of Sikkim State Congress (SSC), a pro-accession political party. This prompted the British East India Company to attack Nepal, resulting in the Gurkha War of 1814. Online media covering Sikkim include the Nepali newspaper Himgiri, the English news portal Haalkhabar and the literary magazine Tistarangit. Satellite television channels through dish antennae are available in most homes in the state. (17) "year1 means the year commencing on the 1st day 'of - 'April and' 'ending on the 31st day of March. Sikkim receives most of its electricity from 19 hydroelectric power stations. , On 18 September 2011, a magnitude 6.9Mw earthquake struck Sikkim, killing at least 116 people in the state and in Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Tibet. Contact Owner. The treaty established Sikkim as a princely state under British paramountcy (though leaving the issue of sovereignty undefined), and the British were given rights of free trade and of road making through Sikkim to Tibet. Fog affects many parts of the state during winter and the monsoons, making transportation perilous.. Rural regions are served by primary health centres and subcentres. The Namgyal Institute of Tibetology (1958), in Gangtok, has one of the largest collections of Tibetan books in the world. Within each district, local headmen serve as liaisons between the people and the district administration. The total population of Sikkim has grown from 5,40,851 in 2001 to 6,10,577 in 2011 implying a decadal growth rate of 12.89 per cent, which is way below the national average of around 17 per cent. Copper, lead, and zinc are mined in Sikkim. The party sent a plate of demands to the palace, including a demand for accession to India. , The Kingdom of Sikkim was founded by the Namgyal dynasty in the 17th century. Evidently the housing pattern has been changing fast wheresoever motorable roads enter. Sikkim has embarked on the path of developing strategies to remain carbon neutral. In Sikkim, agriculture is the main occupation of the inhabitants.  There are a total of 1,157 schools in the state, including 765 schools run by the state government, seven central government schools and 385 private schools. The climate pattern is moist tropical to moist sub-tropical, with average state rainfall 254 centimetres (100 in) per annum. According to the Indian geography the state is located at the center of the Indian subcontinent, amidst the ranges of Himalaya and the Aravalli. Share Feedback. The support for the process of preparation of the SAPCCC was provided by the German International Cooperation (GIZ). In 1700, Sikkim was invaded by the Bhutanese with the help of the half-sister of the Chogyal, who had been denied the throne. A state council was established in 1953 to allow for constitutional government under the Chogyal.  Sikkim was gradually granted more sovereignty over the next three decades, and became a member of the Chamber of Princes, the assembly representing the rulers of the Indian princely states, in 1922. Dream Opportunity with Buildings & Housing Department Sikkim Jobs in 2020. The state government has promoted biogas and solar power for cooking, but these have received a poor response and are used mostly for lighting purposes. ", Indian Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "Four New Strategies to Grow the Organic Agriculture Sector", "Sikkim becomes India's first organic state", "Ban on styrofoam products and on use of mineral water bottles in government functions and meetings in Sikkim", "How Sikkim became the cleanest state in India", "Welcome to Sikkim – General Information", Rose, Modernizing a Traditional Administrative System 1978, Duff, Sikkim: Requiem for a Himalayan Kingdom 2015, "Nehru accepted Tibet as a part of China: Rajnath", "China backs India's bid for U.N. Council seat", "Himalayan quake toll climbs to 116, 40 stranded foreign tourists rescued", "Earthquake toll over 80; India 68; as rescue teams reach quake epicentre", "First commission on study of glaciers launched by Sikkim", "Judge strengths in High Courts increased", "Sikkim Assembly election results 2019: Full list of winners", "Sikkim Assembly Elections 2019: All You Need to Know", "In Gangtok, Ganga Prasad takes oath as new Governor of Sikkim, replaces Shriniwas Patil", "Information of Foreign Tourist Interest", "Integrating ethnobiological knowledge into biodiversity conservation in the Eastern Himalayas", "Evaluating high-altitude Ramsar wetlands in the Sikkim Eastern Himalayas", "State Animals, Birds, Trees and Flowers of India", "Indian online gambling market set to open up", "India China border trade at Nathu La closed for this year", "Sikkim's Pakyong airport stuns before it flies", "Sikkim's first airport to be ready by 2014", "First commercial flight lands at Pakyong", "Patel word on speedy airport completion—Sikkim hopes for spurt in tourist inflow", "Finally, Sevoke-Rangpo railway link on track", Indian Railways new Sivok-Rangpo rail project: Travel from West Bengal to Sikkim in just 2 hours, Very soon, travelling to Sikkim by train will be a possibility, "Sikkim becomes first state to achieve 100 percent sanitation", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "State-wise: Population, GSDP, Per Capita Income and Growth Rate", "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011", "Census of India – Religious Composition", "C-1 Population By Religious Community – Sikkim", "Sleepy capital comes alive to beats of GenX", "In the process of Constitutional democracy, Sikkim has not lagged behind-Governor", "Hon'ble Governor of Sikkim inaugurated "PARAM Kanchenjunga" at NIT Sikkim". In 1890 an agreement was concluded between the British and the Tibetans that defined the border between Sikkim and Tibet. Gangtok is Sikkim’s largest settlement. Chinese officials were in a quandary on this issue, as any protests to India would mean an explicit endorsement of India's governance of Sikkim, which China still recognised as an independent state occupied by India. The governor is aided by the state Council of Ministers, which is led by a chief minister.  It has been constructed by the Airports Authority of India on 200 acres of land. North Eastern Region Urban Development Programme -NERUDP. Nearly 81 per cent of the area of Sikkim comes under the administration of its forest department. Shortlist. The paper analyses the spatial pattern, process and trend of urbanization in the state of Sikkim on the basis of conceptualization theory & secondary data for the last seven decades. As a result, state revenue has increased 14 times since the mid-1990s. According to the Constitution of India, Sikkim has a parliamentary system of representative democracy for its governance; universal suffrage is granted to state residents. Migrant resident communities include Bengalis, Biharis and Marwaris, who are prominent in commerce in South Sikkim and Gangtok. Many of Sikkim’s farmers also raise livestock, including cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, and poultry. Yes The implementing agency for urban transport & drainage sector is the Urban Development & Housing Department, water and sewerage sector is the Water Security & … About Sikkim. Most of the inhabited regions of Sikkim experience a temperate climate, with temperatures seldom exceeding 28 °C (82 °F) in summer. In that contextual, paper also describe the level trends and pattern of the land use through geospatial and demographic techniques.  Sikkim University is the only central university in Sikkim. Phone No: 03592-202726 . The book is based on fieldwork carried out during 1981-83 in North Sikkim, India, and records the complex pattern of the two diverse cultures of the Lepchas and the Bhutias of North Sikkim. In 1975, the Prime Minister of Sikkim appealed to the Indian Parliament for Sikkim to become a state of India. Rongyek jail in Gangtok is Sikkim's only central jail. The support for the process of preparation of the SAPCCC was provided by the German International Cooperation (GIZ). Reservation Pattern in 2BHK Housing Scheme 2 BHK Housing scheme is a flagship scheme of Telangana Government to provide affordable 2BHK houses to eligible beneficiaries in the state. , Sikkimese Muslims celebrate Eid ul-Fitr and Muharram. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The Lower Himalayas, lying in the southern reaches of the state, are the most densely populated. In the 1994 elections, Pawan Kumar Chamling of the Sikkim Democratic Front became the Chief Minister of the state. 100% Verified Properties. Study area Gangtok is the capital and largest city in the state of Sikkim. Study area Gangtok is the capital and largest city in the state of Sikkim. Sikkim is known for producing a special variety of tea that is known for its taste and quality throughout the world. use pattern of Gangtok town. Tigers, leopards, and lesser cats are also found. , Sikkim is situated in an ecological hotspot of the lower Himalayas, one of only three among the ecoregions of India. The Government of Sikkim has already established free e-learning Computer Centre for its citizens to prepare them to embrace plethora of IT and ICT interventions that Smart Cities Mission will be launching in the days to come, says Navin Rai, Joint Chief Town Planner, Nodal Officer- Smart Cities Mission, Urban Development and Housing Department, Government of Sikkim, in conversation with … Sikkim has more than 550 species of birds, some of which have been declared endangered. 3 UNFCCC CLIMATE CHANGE: IMPACTS, VULNERABILITIES AND ADAPTATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES I. , Sikkim has four districts – East Sikkim, North Sikkim, South Sikkim and West Sikkim. Higher education is available at a number of institutions, including the Sikkim Manipal University of Health, Medical and Technological Sciences (1995) in Gangtok, as well as smaller colleges offering degrees in law, engineering, teaching, religious studies, and other fields. Housing: Compared to the world’s average of 10.72% and BRICS average of 11.8%, Indian spends more (12.5%) on housing. It became a princely state of British India in 1890. Chungthang, Dzongu, Kabi and Mangan are the subdivisions of the North district. The Bhutia began entering the area from Tibet in the 14th century. Dwellings on the Himalayan slopes at Lachung, Sikkim, India. Sikkim lacks significant railway infrastructure. Diversity, distribution pattern and utilization of bamboos in Sikkim Bishnu Kumar Sharma1*, Musadiq Hussain Bhat2, Mufida Fayaz2, Amit Kumar3 and Ashok Kumar Jain3 1Department of Botany, Namchi Government College, South Sikkim - 737126, Sikkim 2School of Studies in Botany, Jiwaji University, Gwalior - 474011, M.P. - Chapter 11.  Sikkim produces more cardamom than any other Indian state and is home to the largest cultivated area of cardamom. The record for the longest period of continuous rain in Sikkim is 11 days. At an altitude of 4,700 feet (1,400 m) above sea level, it is one of the five highest airports in India. If you are interested in writing a housing report please contact the WHE Editorial Board. Foreign Trade Pattern of Nepal: Gravity Model Approach Modeling Indian Wheat and Rice Sector Policies Comparative analysis of transplanted and dibbled method of redgram cultivation in Bidar district of Karnataka Raising agricultural productivity with reduced use of energy and groundwater Yak herders of Lachen and Lachung in North Sikkim and scientists working on the yak species observed that climate change has disturbed the seasonal migration pattern of the yak and quality of fodder. The official languages of the state are English, Nepali, Sikkimese (Bhutia) and Lepcha.
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