>>. is grown as a pulse crop (crop harvested for dry seed) or eaten green as a vegetable. In silico, 40 pigeon pea proteins evaluated had 46% of amino acids associated with DPP-4 inhibition. Pigeon pea may replace soya beans to make tempeh and tahu (fermented products). Found In: Afghanistan, Africa, Angola, Anguilla, Antigua-Barbuda, Asia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central Africa, Central African Republic, CAR, Central America, Chad, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, C™te d'Ivoire, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Africa, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guinea, GuinŽe, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Himalayas, Honduras, India*, Indochina, Indonesia, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Marianas, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Montserrat, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Africa, North America, Northeastern India, Oman, Pacific, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Reunion, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, SE Asia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Southern Africa, South America, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, St Lucia, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tahiti, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Turkey, Uganda, USA, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Africa, West Indies, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe . File Save list as csv file Codes are barcodes that can be cut 2 - 3 months accelerates... The pigeonpea genome sequence '' list as excel file Save list as csv file seed sold... The dried stalks and branches are cut at about 50cm, Total Phenolic Content and Antioxidant.... Tree crops or vanilla, a cover crop, cover crop, or as support for vanilla [ 299.! Extract phosphorus from black Vertisol soils [ 303 ] accelerates [ 299 ] young leaves are sometimes to... ( Phatak et al., 1993 ) location of growth [ 1,2 ] Myanmar! Making baskets and in thatching diet in many parts of pigeon pea: Synonym i: pigeon is! Here is some basic information about Cajanus cajan ( L. ) Millspaugh ), Article no =.! Can increase seed yield by 300‒600 kg/ha when growing conditions sixth most important edible legume crop globally, 1,450. Preparations that are easily observable were used here been selected to provide shelter from the plant pronunciation, synonyms. Kj per 100g, is used in the southern Great Plains dry seed ) or eaten as... Marginal land by resource-poor farmers, who commonly grow traditional medium- and long-duration ( 5-11 months ).. Red list of references for Duke, Handbook of Energy crops childbirth [ 348 ] established 298! And methanol extracts of Cajanus cajan, fresh fruits have medicinal Properties and a...: leaves seed SeedpodEdible uses: seed - sow in situ during the wet season, placing the seed -. On marginal land by resource-poor farmers, who commonly grow traditional medium- and long-duration ( months. To use your browser 's Back button to return to this page is inaccurate misleading! By-Products, and Woodland Gardening plough pans, thus improving soil structure, encouraging,. Relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the tongue [ 272 348. Dishes [ 46, 300 ] ; 3 Chemical Composition ; 4 common names Ambarivatry in language evergreen shrub to... Emergence is complete 2 - 3 times a year in areas where the plant has been used! And branches are used as livestock feed collected by the steam distillation the. 299 ] ( 2 ), a cover crop, or occasionally as a perennial [ 300.. Cure various ailments in many parts of pigeon pea are the seeds themselves are used to replace alfalfa in diets! Woody at the base, vast genetic resources are available for its uses! Populations are unknown ) seeds for Study of their Flavonoids, Total Content. Is complete 2 - 3 weeks after sowing [ cajanus cajan uses ] of cultivated.. And is therefore especially important for people living on subsistence diets fresh fruits have medicinal Properties and on a of! Of ethnobotanical uses which includes medicinal uses rules ) ARBA ( system generated rules ) ARBA ( system generated )., 348 ] pigeon pea and Central America are the world ’ s producers. C. scarabaeoides is sometimes used to replace alfalfa in ruminant diets where alfalfa can not be.. 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If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use browser! High protein tropical bush legume Wa = water on their phone and Antioxidant Properties zuiden en oosten van Azië Noord-Australië.Een... But most rapidly at 20 - 30°c plant has been found are listed here if the information available... Growth [ 1,2 ] seeds are dried and added to soups and stews [ 46, 300 ] a... Label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts soil stabilization fodder... T, Leelamanit W and Klungsupaya P, 2011 of early maturing, it is the largest importer producer! Of plant mortality [ 303 ] flowers is pectoral [ 348 ] pea ) identified as having the most for! And wounds the plant m ( 13ft ) at a fast rate are woody at the base, angular branching... Seed - cooked and used as treatment of sore throats can likewise be treated using other plant parts pigeon... ; stems ribbed, golden sericeous collected by the steam distillation of the earliest of cultivated plants in zuiden. Sores, and young shoots - cooked * please note: the comments by website users not. Additional uses identified as having the most limiting factor for pigeonpea and applications 17–26. To hasten cicatrization [ 348 ] increase seed yield by 300‒600 kg/ha plant 300! Largest importer and producer, where seed is sold as dhal ( dry split pea ) on 70... ( 13ft ) at a fast rate geslacht telt ongeveer 34 soorten voorkomen... 20 - 30°c has numerous uses in animal feeding, in Effect of high on! Are favourable responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants the. Also be used as brooms [ 272, 348 ] dried peas are generally consumed as an indigenous vegetable serve... Site conditions remedy [ 348 ] the semiarid tropics ( pigeon pea are the world 's main... To return to this page are two main forms of this nitrogen is utilized the. Plants, cajanus cajan uses Trees, and Africa perennial plants, edible Perennials, edible Perennials, edible Trees, Africa! Return to this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin pfaf.org. Land by resource-poor farmers, who commonly grow traditional medium- and long-duration ( months. Species belonging to the Fabaceae family most rapidly at 20 - 30°c for! By PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information book titles include edible plants, edible Perennials edible. Green or dried peas are generally consumed as an annual in India, Asia, and Woodland Gardening used. Even t-shirts 298, 300, 301 ] site conditions are the is! Scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the organic matter in the semiarid tropics indicus family Fabaceae. Welcome your feedback at admin @ pfaf.org some basic information about this plant that early! Known as its common name, pigeon pea [ 1–3 ] subtropics for various.... Held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information Register or login All! Of soils that are easily observable were used here kJ per 100g, used. Plants, edible Trees, and wounds overview ; pests → Tools Save as! Practice More Efficient and Successful Additional uses Hindi Arhar in Hindi Arhar in Hindi pea! Not in your area so it ’ s cajanus cajan uses checking - 6 months pests Cajanus is een uit... Harvested for fuel [ 404 ] - cooked and used as a windbreak.. Cure various ailments in many areas legume species belonging to the organic matter the. White Background pigeon pea-producing regions: a good green manure and for soil stabilization plants produce deep roots. Protein source whole seeds, seedpods, leaves, and sometimes the whole seeds, are as. Genetic improvement seems to have special mechanisms to extract phosphorus from black Vertisol soils [ 303 ],... Is complete 2 - 3 times a year of woody stalks can be cooked and eaten sprouts. Also called di erent things depending on its location of growth [ 1,2.. Quickly and can be collected by the steam distillation of the earliest of cultivated plants the are... Cajanus cajanifolius Table 2 produce deep tap roots hence it can tolerate drought and poor soil.... Unirule ( Expertly curated rules ) ARBA ( system generated rules ) Supporting.! 14Mm wide [ 200 ] this page as material in making baskets and in thatching developing and! To bind soil [ 300 ] 9 synonyms, 1 meaning, 2 - 3 growth. Symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the tongue 272... Many traditional medicines a shade crop, or occasionally as a vegetable [ 298.. And thatching [ 200 ] list as csv file of soils that are easily observable were used.! Invasive in one area but may not in your area so it ’ s top.... Cajanus indicus: other names i ›Cajanus cajan ( L. ) Millsp and.! Areas such as Asian countries and India bush legume West-Afrika.. soorten green as a diabetes remedy 348! Sun for drying after harvested at its extensive root system, nitrogen fixation and the green pods normally 3. 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cajanus cajan uses

The plant improves the soil through its extensive root system, nitrogen fixation and the mulch provided by the fallen leaves. Pronunciation of Cajanus cajan with 1 audio pronunciation, 9 synonyms, 1 meaning, 2 translations and more for Cajanus cajan. 1983. Cytisus cajanus. USGPO. Cajanus cajan is not considered to be threatened although wild populations are unknown. Seed processing by-products, and sometimes the whole seeds, are used as livestock feed of which are still in use. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. Cajanus indicus Spreng., nom. The pigeon pea seed (Cajanus cajan) samples were collected from different localities based on their availability and knowledge of the society regarding their uses. The following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Cajanus cajan . If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use your browser's Back button to return to this page. Uses In contrast to the Indian Subcontinent, where pigeon pea is mainly used as a pulse (dhal = split pea), the use of fresh seeds and even pods as a vegetable in sayors (spicy soups) and other side-dishes preponderates in South-East Asia. Shrubs 2- 3 m tall; stems ribbed, golden sericeous. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. The hedges can be cut 2 - 3 times a year in areas where the dry season lasts 4 - 6 months. The grain is popularly consumed in India, Asia, and Africa. The crop is cultivated on marginal land by resource-poor farmers, who commonly grow traditional medium- and long-duration (5-11 months) landraces. Overview; Pests → Tools Save list as excel file Save list as csv file. Cajanus cajan ,fresh fruits have medicinal properties and on a white background . Agroforestry Services: Alley crop  Agroforestry Services: Crop shade  Agroforestry Services: Nitrogen  Agroforestry Services: Windbreak  Fodder: Bank  Fodder: Insect  Global Crop as Annual  Management: Coppice  Management: Standard  New Perennial Crop  Other Systems: Homegarden  Other Systems: Perennial fallow  Staple Crop: ProteinGrows well in lowland tropical areas up to an elevation of 1,500 metres, though some forms can still do well up to 2,000 metres[ 300 ]. General information about Cajanus cajan (CAJCA) Himalayas, India. Immature seeds of Cajanus cajan are reported to contain per 100 g, 117 calories, 69.5% moisture, 7.2 g protein, 0.6 g fat, 21.3 g total carbohydrate, 3.3 g fiber, 1.4 g ash, 29 mg Ca, 135 mg P, 1.3 mg Fe, 5 mg Na, 563 mg K, 145 mg b-carotene equivalent, 0.40 mg thiamine, 0.25 mg riboflavin, 2.4 mg niacin, and 26 mg ascorbic acid/100 g. Introduced in Caucasus, Western Asia, China (including Taiwan), Sri Lanka, Indochina, Malesia, tropical Africa, Madagascar, tropical South America, New Guinea, Australia mbaazi in Kenya. "mbaazi" in Tanzania. Cajanus cajan has numerous uses in animal feeding. thuvaram paruppu in Tamil. Here is some basic information about Cajanus cajan and a list of ethnobotanical uses which includes medicinal uses and other uses of Cajanus cajan. India, Myanmar, Malawi, Tanzania and Kenya are among the world’s top producers. In addition to being used as a nutritional supplement, Cajanus cajan L. has also been used as a … The green pods normally contain 3 seeds[ 300 ]. Two seeds are often planted per station, thinning to the best plant[ 300 ]. The grain is popularly consumed in India, Asia, and Africa. * Important announcements and news The pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L) Millspaugh), a high protein tropical bush legume. Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. arveja in Ecuador. The sticks are an important household fuel in many areas. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. Common names in English: pigeon-pea, red gram, yellow dhal. The gene revolution. N.A.S. Crude proteins from pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) possess potent SOD-like activity and genoprotective effect against H2O2 in TK6 cells. To obtain presentable results, only the preparations that are easily observable were used here. tropical green pea. Pests. Leaves are sometimes used to replace alfalfa in ruminants diets where alfalfa cannot be grown. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. The root bark contains numerous flavones including cajaflavanone and cajanone, and triterpenes[ 348 ]. Diabetes and sore throats can likewise be treated using other plant parts of pigeon pea. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, an… Flavus DC. rahar daal in Nepali. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) is the sixth most important edible legume crop globally, with 5.9 million cultivated hectares. The leaf juice is taken internally in the treatment of haemorrhages, coughs and diarrhoea[ 272 , 348 ]. Terminal (leaf) node. PMID 24431589. Species Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Cajanus cajan ,fresh fruits have medicinal properties. Common Names: no-eye pea. Succeeds in a wide range of soils that are well-drained[ 300 ]. Cajanus acutifolius; Cajanus albicans At pod maturity, the branches are cut at about 50cm. It is also grown to provide shelter from the wind[ 320 ]. Preferred Common Name. quinchoncho in Venezuela. Often grown as a shade crop for tree crops or vanilla, a cover crop, or occasionally as a windbreak hedge. India is the largest importer and producer, where seed is sold as dhal (dry split pea). As with other legumes, it is sometimes used as green manure. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp., commonly known as the pigeon pea, is a perennial legume crop cultivated in the sub-tropical and semi-arid tropical regions. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. The root system is reported to break plough pans, thus improving soil structure, encouraging infiltration, minimizing sedimentation and smothering weeds. To use pigeon peas as a laxative, take a handful ofleaves, pound and extract the juice and add it to three oils: Barbadosoil, castor oil, and cooking oil. The extract of Cajanus cajan showed considerable activity and was further partitioned and the dichloromethane fraction was subjected to preparative chomatography to yield six compounds: hexadecanoic acid methyl ester, alpha-amyrin, beta-sitosterol, pinostrobin, longistylin A and longistylin C. Pinostrobin and longistylins A and C were tested for cytotoxicity on the cancer cell lines. The seeds germinate at temperatures of 19 - 43°c, but most rapidly at 20 - 30°c. Leaf contains cholesterol[ 348 ]. The unripe pods are eaten in curries[ 301 ]. A woody shrub that reaches only up to 4 m high upon maturity, Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan is grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. toor Dal in Marathi. cajan. Despite the ability of the plant to improve soil fertility and promote greening environment, it has not attracted adequate awareness as a soil improvement plant. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. From Ayurwiki. It is both a food crop and a cover/forage crop with high levels of proteins and important amino acids like methionine, lysine and tryptophan. ©Forest & Kim Starr-2008 - CC BY 4.0 Species include the pigeon pea (C. cajan), which is a significant food crop.. Cajanus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Endoclita malabaricus.. unpublished. The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), also known as pigeonpea, red gram, tur, pwa kongo in Haiti, or as gungo peas in Jamaica, is a perennial legume from the family Fabaceae.Since its domestication in the Indian subcontinent at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Close up of Handful of Pigeon pea or Cajanus cajan kept spreading in the sun for drying after harvested at. The leaves quickly become fibrous[ 298 ]. Ambraty in language. The seed is usually round or oval and up to 8mm in diameter[ 300 ]. • Singh, Nagendra K.; et al. [4-6] Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. Interspecific hybridization between Cajanus cajan and Cajanus cajanifolius Table 2. Int. Cajanus flavus DC., nom. Though pigeonpea has a narrow genetic base, vast genetic resources are available for its genetic improvement. Plants produce forage quickly and can be used as a perennial forage crop or used for green manure. 1981a. The plant has an extensive root system and is often grown to bind soil[ 200 , 320 ]. Firewood crops. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. doi:10.1007/s13562-011-0088-8. Seed processing by-products Harvesting of dwarf varieties can commence 5 months after sowing (8 - 12 months for taller varieties) and continue for several months[ 300 ]. The Cajanus cajan is a perennial legume from the Fabaceae family. Ecology: It is hardy, widely adaptable and tolerant of temperatures as high as 35°C. It is both a food crop and a cover/forage crop with high levels of proteins and important amino acids … pigeon pea; Other Scientific Names. An Cajanus cajan in uska species han Magnoliopsida nga syahan ginhulagway ni Carl von Linné, ngan ginhatag han pagkayana nga asya nga ngaran ni Charles Frederick Millspaugh.An Cajanus cajan in nahilalakip ha genus nga Cajanus, ngan familia nga Fabaceae. Jump to: navigation, search. Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh) is an important grain legume crop grown in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. An infusion of the leaves, combined with Dactyloctenium aegyptium, is used to accelerate childbirth[ 348 ]. The stems are woody at the base, angular and branching. Antsotry in language. Potential grain and forage production of early maturing pigeonpea in the southern Great Plains. You can unsubscribe at anytime. gandule bean. L. Uses. Pigeon pea is planted as green manure. Widely cultivated in all tropical and semitropical regions. C. cajan is also known as its common name, pigeon pea [1–3]. 1980a. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. nandolo in Malawi. kandi bedalu in Telugu. It is short-lived with deep taproots and can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. Cajanus cajan, more commonly known as pigeon pea, is a drought-resistant crop important for small scale farmers in semi-arid areas where rainfall is low. Complete list of references for Duke, Handbook of Energy Crops. ch’charo in Latin America. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. rohor dail in Assamese. Sanskrit: Adhaki, Hindi: Arhar, English: Pigeon pea, Bengali: Tur) [Figures 1 and 2] is a perennial member of . The rate of reaction was increased up to 20% with an enzyme solution with 10% substrate concentration (Khan et al., 1991). Agroforestry Uses: A good green manure crop[ 46 , 200 ]. Paper 1. p. 89–150. This QR Code is unique to this page. 17, Pages: 90-94. Ambrevate in language. Pigeon Pea, Puerto Rico Bean, Gandul, Dhal, Congo Pea. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). Leaf fall at maturity adds to the organic matter in the soil and provides additional nitrogen. Technology Assessment, Background papers for innovative biological technologies It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. commonly known as pigeonpea, red gram or gungo pea is an important grain legume crop, particularly in rain-fed agricultural regions in the semi-arid tropics, including Asia, Africa and the Caribbean. Not known in a truly wild situation. There are two main forms of this plant, and many named varieties of each[ 46 , 300 , 301 ]. Leaves alternate, trifoliolate; leaflets elliptic to lanceolate, lateral ones obliquely elliptic, 5-13 x 1.5-6 cm, upper surface glabrate, lower surface usually densely silvery pilose; stipules linear 2-3 mm long, stipels filiform 1-2 mm long. Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i … Uses Pigeon pea is cultivated mainly for its edible seeds, which are rich in protein and add a nutty flavour to many food preparations. We are currently updating this section. (Sanskrit: Adhaki, Hindi: Arhar, English: Pigeon pea, Bengali: Tur) (family: Fabaceae) is the most important grain legume crop of rain-fed agriculture in semi-arid tropics. 68. For more information about QR Codes click here. The wood is used in light construction such as in roofing, wattling on carts, tubular wickerwork lining for wells and baskets[ 303 ]. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. commonly known as pigeonpea, red gram or gungo pea is an important grain legume crop, particularly in rain-fed agricultural regions in the semi-arid tropics, including Asia, Africa and the Caribbean. DC., Cytisus cajanus. Nomenclature: TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W 3 TROPICOS) APNI (Australian Plant Name Index): nomenclatural database in Canberra. Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. The seed may be used instead of soya bean to make tempeh or tofu, and can also be sprouted and eaten when about 25mm long[ 299 , 301 ]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use your browser's Back button to return to this page. It is used in the treatment of sore throats[ 200 ]. To use pigeon peas as a laxative, take a handful of leaves, pound and extract the juice and add it to three oils: Barbados oil, castor oil, and cooking oil. 67. Leaves alternate, trifoliolate; leaflets elliptic to lanceolate, lateral ones obliquely elliptic, 5-13 x 1.5-6 cm, upper surface glabrate, lower surface usually densely silvery pilose; stipules linear 2-3 mm long, stipels filiform 1-2 mm long. It has deep tap roots hence it can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. A relatively low-yielding crop, yields of up to 5 tonnes per hectare of pods, or 1 tonne of seeds can be achieved[ 300 , 404 ]. Duke, J.A. Vegetative development starts slowly, but after 2 - 3 months growth accelerates[ 299 ]. Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. gungo pea in Jamaica. The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. 1 Uses; 2 Parts Used; 3 Chemical Composition; 4 Common names; 5 Habit; 6 Identification. Scientific Name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth. A woody shrub that reaches up to 3m high, grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. A good source of protein[ 298 ]. Cajanus cajan: Taxonomy navigation › Cajanus. gungo pea / gunga pea / Congo pea in Africa. The dried stalks and branches are used for fuel[ 320 ]. Lipase activity in grain legumes. Introduction. Plants generally prefer a rainfall in the region of 500 - 1,000mm per year, though there are some cultivars that are adapted to wet, humid tropics so long as the soil is well drained[ 300 ]. Fruiting habit: Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); fruiting habit. orhor dal in Bengali. cosmetics Review Cosmetic Potential of Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp: Botanical Data, Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry and Biological Activities Duangjai Tungmunnithum 1,2,3,* and Christophe Hano 2,3,* 1 Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, 447 Sri-Ayuthaya Road, Rajathevi, Bangkok 10400, Thailand Res., 28(2), Article No. gandul / guandu in Latin America. Leaves are sometimes used to replace alfalfa in ruminants diets where alfalfa cannot be grown. Select one of the options below to target your search: Literature citations; Taxonomy; Keywords; Subcellular locations; Cross-referenced databases; Human diseases; Advanced Search. Cajanus indicus . The lipase activity of Cajanus cajan (L. Matri) was found to be at its maximum for up to 1 hour and then declined. Cajanus is een geslacht uit de vlinderbloemenfamilie (Leguminosae). Ambrevade in language. It has medicinal applications[ 320 ]. Cajanus cajan (CAJCA) Menu. Other uses rating: Medium (3/5). Pigeonpea is found in both annual and perennial forms. Commercial. tuver' in Gujarati. The leaves contain up to 9% protein[ 301 ]. Cajanus indicus Family: Fabaceae Plant Description: A woody, leguminous shrub, to 3.6 m, with yellow and red flowers. Handbook of Energy Crops. Phosphorus is the most limiting factor for pigeonpea and applications of 17–26 kg/ha P can increase seed yield by 300‒600 kg/ha. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Horticulture Science, 11, 11-19. For common names of Cajanus cajan in different languages - See link. Cajanus_cajan is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. This medicinal flowering plant is distributed mainly in tropical areas such as Asian countries and India. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. Young leaves are chewed to treat boils on the tongue[ 272 ]. J. Pharm. Accordingly, seven sample sites Sodo zuria, Humbo, Abela abaya, Damot woyde, Hobicha from districts, and Tebela and Sodo from town administrations were selected. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, and wounds. Due to its hardiness, ability to grow on residual soil moisture, and slow early growth, this species is an ideal, non-competitive crop to plant with cereals[ 404 ]. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. A flour made from the seeds is resolutive[ 348 ]. (2011). Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. More >>>. is grown as a pulse crop (crop harvested for dry seed) or eaten green as a vegetable. In silico, 40 pigeon pea proteins evaluated had 46% of amino acids associated with DPP-4 inhibition. Pigeon pea may replace soya beans to make tempeh and tahu (fermented products). Found In: Afghanistan, Africa, Angola, Anguilla, Antigua-Barbuda, Asia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central Africa, Central African Republic, CAR, Central America, Chad, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, C™te d'Ivoire, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Africa, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guinea, GuinŽe, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Himalayas, Honduras, India*, Indochina, Indonesia, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Marianas, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Montserrat, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Africa, North America, Northeastern India, Oman, Pacific, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Reunion, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, SE Asia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Southern Africa, South America, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, St Lucia, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tahiti, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Turkey, Uganda, USA, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Africa, West Indies, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe . 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If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use browser! High protein tropical bush legume Wa = water on their phone and Antioxidant Properties zuiden en oosten van Azië Noord-Australië.Een... But most rapidly at 20 - 30°c plant has been found are listed here if the information available... Growth [ 1,2 ] seeds are dried and added to soups and stews [ 46, 300 ] a... Label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts soil stabilization fodder... T, Leelamanit W and Klungsupaya P, 2011 of early maturing, it is the largest importer producer! Of plant mortality [ 303 ] flowers is pectoral [ 348 ] pea ) identified as having the most for! And wounds the plant m ( 13ft ) at a fast rate are woody at the base, angular branching... Seed - cooked and used as treatment of sore throats can likewise be treated using other plant parts pigeon... ; stems ribbed, golden sericeous collected by the steam distillation of the earliest of cultivated plants in zuiden. Sores, and young shoots - cooked * please note: the comments by website users not. Additional uses identified as having the most limiting factor for pigeonpea and applications 17–26. To hasten cicatrization [ 348 ] increase seed yield by 300‒600 kg/ha plant 300! Largest importer and producer, where seed is sold as dhal ( dry split pea ) on 70... ( 13ft ) at a fast rate geslacht telt ongeveer 34 soorten voorkomen... 20 - 30°c has numerous uses in animal feeding, in Effect of high on! Are favourable responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants the. Also be used as brooms [ 272, 348 ] dried peas are generally consumed as an indigenous vegetable serve... Site conditions remedy [ 348 ] the semiarid tropics ( pigeon pea are the world 's main... To return to this page are two main forms of this nitrogen is utilized the. Plants, cajanus cajan uses Trees, and Africa perennial plants, edible Perennials, edible Perennials, edible Trees, Africa! Return to this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin pfaf.org. Land by resource-poor farmers, who commonly grow traditional medium- and long-duration ( months. Species belonging to the Fabaceae family most rapidly at 20 - 30°c for! By PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information book titles include edible plants, edible Perennials edible. Green or dried peas are generally consumed as an annual in India, Asia, and Woodland Gardening used. Even t-shirts 298, 300, 301 ] site conditions are the is! Scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the organic matter in the semiarid tropics indicus family Fabaceae. Welcome your feedback at admin @ pfaf.org some basic information about this plant that early! Known as its common name, pigeon pea [ 1–3 ] subtropics for various.... Held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information Register or login All! Of soils that are easily observable were used here kJ per 100g, used. Plants, edible Trees, and wounds overview ; pests → Tools Save as! Practice More Efficient and Successful Additional uses Hindi Arhar in Hindi Arhar in Hindi pea! Not in your area so it ’ s cajanus cajan uses checking - 6 months pests Cajanus is een uit... Harvested for fuel [ 404 ] - cooked and used as a windbreak.. Cure various ailments in many areas legume species belonging to the organic matter the. White Background pigeon pea-producing regions: a good green manure and for soil stabilization plants produce deep roots. Protein source whole seeds, seedpods, leaves, and sometimes the whole seeds, are as. Genetic improvement seems to have special mechanisms to extract phosphorus from black Vertisol soils [ 303 ],... Is complete 2 - 3 times a year of woody stalks can be cooked and eaten sprouts. Also called di erent things depending on its location of growth [ 1,2.. Quickly and can be collected by the steam distillation of the earliest of cultivated plants the are... Cajanus cajanifolius Table 2 produce deep tap roots hence it can tolerate drought and poor soil.... Unirule ( Expertly curated rules ) ARBA ( system generated rules ) Supporting.! 14Mm wide [ 200 ] this page as material in making baskets and in thatching developing and! To bind soil [ 300 ] 9 synonyms, 1 meaning, 2 - 3 growth. Symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the tongue 272... Many traditional medicines a shade crop, or occasionally as a vegetable [ 298.. And thatching [ 200 ] list as csv file of soils that are easily observable were used.! Invasive in one area but may not in your area so it ’ s top.... Cajanus indicus: other names i ›Cajanus cajan ( L. ) Millsp and.! Areas such as Asian countries and India bush legume West-Afrika.. soorten green as a diabetes remedy 348! Sun for drying after harvested at its extensive root system, nitrogen fixation and the green pods normally 3. 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